George Allan

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Grounded Theory is a powerful research method for collecting and analysing research data. It was ‘discovered’ by Glaser & Strauss (1967) in the 1960s but is still not widely used or understood by researchers in some industries or PhD students in some science disciplines. This paper demonstrates the steps in the method and describes the difficulties(More)
The human progesterone receptor form B (hPR-B) was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae together with a specific reporter plasmid. To understand the mechanism underlying antagonist ligand activity, libraries of hormone binding domain (HBD)-mutated hPR-B molecules were prepared. A mutant receptor was identified that had lost the ability to bind either(More)
As part of a program aimed at the development of selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), novel chromene scaffolds, benzopyranobenzoxapanes, were discovered. Many compounds showed binding affinity as low as 1.6-200 nM, displayed antagonist behaviors in the MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cell line as well in Ishikawa cell line with IC(50) values in(More)
Hormones and antihormones induce related, but distinct, conformational changes in the progesterone receptor [Allan, G. F., Leng, X., Tsai, S. Y., Weigel, N. L., Edwards, D. P., Tsai, M.-J. & O'Malley, B. W. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 19513-19520]. In both cases the conformational change precedes the dissociation of heat shock proteins and binding to DNA. We(More)
Antihormones are potent antagonists of hormone action in vivo, but the mechanism underlying this antagonism is not understood. Several steroid hormones transform (activate) their receptors from a cytosolic, non-DNA binding 8 S sedimentation form to a nuclear, DNA binding 4 S form. Transformation is accompanied by the loss of associated heat shock proteins.(More)
The estrogen receptor (ER) is a strong hormone-inducible transcription factor that regulates the expression of many genes. It was shown for the human progesterone receptor that the binding of hormone causes distinct conformational changes in the ligand binding domain (LBD) and that these changes in LBD conformation are crucial for events after DNA binding.(More)
Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 (DMBT1) is a candidate suppressor of malignancies of the brain, lung, gut, and breast. We have been studying gene expression in the uterus in the presence of estrogens and their antagonists. Here, we show that DMBT1 RNA levels are robustly increased by estrogen treatment in the uteri of ovariectomized monkeys and rats. In(More)
Members of the steroid and thyroid hormone receptor superfamily (nuclear receptors) play diverse roles in mammalian physiology, in both normal and pathological states. For this reason, and because nuclear receptors are natural receptors for lipophilic small molecules, they are important therapeutic targets for the pharmaceutical industry. Here we describe a(More)
Androgen receptor (AR) ligands with tissue selectivity (selective androgen receptor modulators, or SARMs) have potential for treating muscle wasting, hypogonadism of aging, osteoporosis, female sexual dysfunction, and other indications. JNJ-28330835 is a nonsteroidal AR ligand with mixed agonist and antagonist activity in androgen-responsive cell-based(More)
To study gene expression in the endometrium at different stages of the menstrual cycle, differential mRNA display and reverse Northern analysis were performed on uterine tissues from cynomolgus monkeys. Eutopic endometrial RNA was prepared from uteri of animals that were either ovariectomized and supplemented with hormones, or were not ovariectomized but(More)