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An analytical model of restricted diffusion in bovine optic nerve is presented. The nerve tissue model is composed of two different objects: prolate ellipsoids (axons) and spheres (glial cells) surrounded by partially permeable membranes. The free diffusion coefficients of intracellular and extracellular water may differ. Analytical formulas for signal loss(More)
A magnetization-prepared, T2-weighted sequence (T2 Prep) is used to suppress muscle and venous structures. When combined with lipid suppression, this technique improves the visualization of the coronary arteries. T2 Prep was designed to be rebust in the presence of flow as well as B0 and B1 inhomogeneities and may be combined with virtually any imaging(More)
Based on the Fick law, coronary venous blood oxygen measurements have value for assessing functional parameters such as the coronary flow reserve. At present, the application of this measure is restricted by its invasive nature. This report describes the design and testing of a noninvasive coronary venous blood oxygen measurement using MRI, with a(More)
Oxygen uptake from the microcirculation is a direct measure of tissue function. Magnetic resonance is capable of detecting differences between oxygenated and deoxygenated blood due to the paramagnetic properties of deoxyhemoglobin. At the level of the microcirculation, however, imaging methods cannot directly visualize the vessels. Instead, bulk MR(More)
An MR-based method for tracking subject motion is presented. The technique identifies subject motion from the three-dimensional positions of three small samples attached to the subject in a fixed, triangular configuration. The updated positions of these samples relative to their initial positions determine a rigid body transformation. Applied to the MRI(More)
A magnetization-prepared sequence, T2-Prep-IR, exploits T1, T2, and chemical shift differences to suppress background tissues relative to arterial blood. The resulting flow-independent angiograms depict vessels with any orientation and flow velocity. No extrinsic contrast agent is required. Muscle is the dominant source of background signal in normal(More)
The performance of current, flow-based sequences for imaging vasculature using MR is severely restricted in regions with inherently slow flow. We address this problem with a flow-independent imaging method. Specifically, we generate projection images of blood in the limbs while suppressing signal from all other tissues (primarily skeletal muscle, bone(More)
Traditional T2-based imaging techniques are geared toward imaging long-T2 species. Traditional techniques are, therefore, not optimal in clinical situations where the information of interest lies in the short-T2 species. T2-selective RF excitation (TELEX) is a technique for obtaining a T2-based contrast that highlights short-T2 values while suppressing(More)
In vivo 1H conventional NMR image contrast generation usually relies on the macroscopic T1 and T2 relaxation parameters of the tissues of interest. Recently cross-relaxation related image contrast has been reported by Wolff and Balaban in animal models. Due primarily to the broad lineshape of the intended saturation spin pool and the use of off-resonance(More)