George A. Tanner

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Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) has been shown to be exacerbated by acidosis or a low potassium intake, and there is evidence that administration of alkali might have a beneficial effect. This study determined whether ingestion of potassium citrate and citric acid would ameliorate PKD. Healthy normal and heterozygous littermate Han:SPRD rats with autosomal(More)
Ascending urinary tract infections can cause extensive damage to kidney structure and function. We have used a number of advanced techniques including multiphoton microscopy to investigate the crucial early phases of uropathogenic Escherichia coli induced pyelonephritis within a living animal. Our results reveal a previously undescribed innate vascular(More)
There is ongoing controversy about the mechanisms that determine the characteristics of the glomerular filter. Here, we tested whether flow across the glomerular filter generates extracellular electrical potential differences, which could be an important determinant of glomerular filtration. In micropuncture experiments in Necturus maculosus, we measured a(More)
Recent studies of the sieving of serum albumin in the rat kidney using a two-photon microscope suggested that the glomerular sieving coefficient (GSC) of albumin is 0.034, much higher than earlier micropuncture determinations. In the present study, we critically evaluated the use of the two-photon microscope to measure the GSC of albumin in the(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common inherited disorder frequently associated with renal failure, hypertension, and other abnormalities. The present study determined whether chronic caffeine intake in an animal model of this disease would affect renal structure and function and blood pressure. Heterozygous male Han:Sprague-Dawley(More)
Optical microscopy, when applied to living animals, provides a powerful means of studying cell biology in the most physiologically relevant setting. The ability of two-photon microscopy to collect optical sections deep into biological tissues has opened up the field of intravital microscopy to high-resolution studies of the brain, lens, skin, and tumors.(More)
The progression of a natural bacterial infection is a dynamic process influenced by the physiological characteristics of the target organ. Recent developments in live animal imaging allow for the study of the dynamic microbe-host interplay in real-time as the infection progresses within an organ of a live host. Here we used multiphoton microscopy-based live(More)
Optical microscopy, when applied to living animals, provides a powerful means of studying cell biology in the most physiologically relevant setting. The ability of 2-photon microscopy to collect optical sections deep into biological tissues has opened up the field of intravital microscopy to highresolution studies of the brain, lens, skin and tumors. Here(More)
The mechanism of NaCl transport across the epithelium of intact MDCK cysts grown in a collagen gel matrix was investigated. Double-barreled microelectrodes were used to measure basolateral membrane PD (Vbl), transepithelial PD (Vt), and intracellular (Cli) and intralumenal (Clcy) Cl- activities in cysts under different conditions. In a control Ringer's(More)