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OBJECTIVE Preclinical and genetic epidemiologic studies suggest that modulating cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated arachidonic acid metabolism may have therapeutic utility in the management of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, predictors of inter-individual variation in CYP-derived eicosanoid metabolites in CAD patients have not been evaluated to date.(More)
OBJECTIVE Age-related aortic stiffness is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Although oxidative stress is implicated in aortic stiffness, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unelucidated. Here, we examined the source of oxidative stress in aging and its effect on smooth muscle cell (SMC) function and aortic compliance using(More)
HCM is a heterogeneous disease with various clinical presentations. Recent advances in understanding the genetic abnormalities responsible for ventricular hypertrophy promise to improve our ability to diagnose this condition and to identify subgroups who are at the highest risk of cardiovascular mortality. Numerous difficulties remain in treating patients(More)
The incidence of coronary stent thrombosis is < 1%-2% in recent studies, with the highest-risk period considered to be the first 30 days following stent implantation. Recently, stent thrombosis after 30 days has been reported in patients undergoing brachytherapy with stenting. We reviewed the incidence of stent thrombosis causing myocardial infarction in(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) has been implicated in the regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation after vascular injury, but the molecular mechanisms of this effect remain obscure. The aims of the present study were 1) to determine if Ang II was mitogenic (in a defined serum-free medium) for aortic smooth muscle cells derived from spontaneously hypertensive(More)
Thrombin is a serine protease that potently activates platelets and catalyzes the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin. Thrombin also exerts direct effects on vascular cells, such as smooth muscle cells, via interactions with members of the protease-activated receptor family. Evidence in several animal models implicates thrombin-mediated signaling events in(More)
Many elements contribute to congestive heart failure: changes in perfusion, hemodynamic stresses, alterations in calcium metabolism, and dysregulation of cell signaling pathways. Intervention in these processes forms the basis for current heart failure therapies. Nevertheless, heart failure is primarily a disease of wear and tear; despite everything we know(More)
BACKGROUND The long-term benefits of coronary revascularization are proportional to the severity of underlying coronary artery disease (CAD). We sought to identify patients with a greater probability of severe CAD to target those who could receive the greatest benefit from revascularization. METHODS We used multivariable logistic generalized estimating(More)
Antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel is the current standard of care for coronary artery disease patients undergoing a percutaneous coronary intervention. However, approximately 25% of patients experience a subtherapeutic antiplatelet response. Clopidogrel is a prodrug that undergoes hepatic biotransformation by CYP2C19 into its active metabolite. Several(More)