George A Schaub

Learn More
Of the currently known 140 species in the family Reduviidae, subfamily Triatominae, those which are most important as vectors of the aetiologic agent of Chagas disease, Trypanosoma cruzi, belong to the tribes Triatomini and Rhodniini. The latter not only transmit T. cruzi but also Trypanosoma rangeli, which is considered apathogenic for the mammalian host(More)
This paper describes the development stages and numbers of flagellates of two strains of Trypanosoma cruzi living in the small intestine and rectum of the insect, Triatoma infestans, during the first 12 weeks postinfection (pi). Mainly epimastigotes and occasionally amastigotes and final trypomastigotes developed in the small intestine but after starvation(More)
In the intestinal tract of fifth instars of the hematophagous reduviid bugs Rhodnius prolixus and Triatoma infestans blood ingestion induced an initial decrease of the concentration of the respective symbiotic bacteria Rhodococcus rhodnii and Nocardia sp. and then within 10 days a 15- or 18-fold increase of the total population/bug to about 0.8 x 10(9)(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi was transmitted directly between triatomines by cannibalism or coprophagy. Different conditions involving cannibalism that excluded coprophagy were studied in Dipetalogaster maximus. Infections occurred if an uninfected donor bug sucked infectious blood and if this blood was taken up from the stomach by a cannibalistic bug. If the donor(More)
Population density and percentage of the different stages of an established infection of Trypanosoma cruzi were determined for two parts of the excretory system and for the rectum of fifth instars of Triatoma infestans unfed and 4 hr after feeding. These data were also evaluated for feces and urine of the fed bugs. In the first unfed group only small(More)
Using interleukin-10 (IL-10)-deficient (IL-10(-/-)) mice, previous studies revealed a pathological immune response after infection with Trypanosoma cruzi that is associated with CD4(+) T cells and overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines. In this study we further investigate the pathology and potential mediators for the mortality in infected animals. T.(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease, induces an innate and adaptive host immune response during the acute phase of infection. These responses were analyzed by comparing mouse lines deficient for the gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) receptor (IFN-gammaR(-/-)) or deficient for inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS(-/-)). Both lines were(More)
Triatoma infestans were infected with Trypanosoma cruzi (zymodeme 1) at the first feed after eclosion from the egg; interstadial development times and mortality rates were then recorded until the imaginal moult and compared with those of uninfected controls. No retardation of development occurred in infected bugs and their mean total mortality rate (9%) was(More)
Studies on the effects of decapitation, head transplantation, azadirachtin, and ecdysone therapy on the ultrastructural organization of the midgut of Rhodnius prolixus, a vector of the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, show a distinct effect on the organization of the epithelial cells. When insects are decapitated or treated with azadirachtin, the(More)
Developmental time and mortality in larvae of the reduviid bug Triatoma infestans were studied in uninfected groups and in those infected with Blastocrithidia triatomnae by in vitro feeding with 10(4) cyst stages/cm(3) blood. Bugs were subsequently subjected to two different starvation periods. In bugs fed at weekly intervals infection with B. triatomae was(More)