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Cells respond to poliovirus infection by switching on the apoptotic program, implementation of which is usually suppressed by viral antiapoptotic functions. We show here that poliovirus infection of HeLa cells or derivatives of MCF-7 cells was accompanied by the efflux of cytochrome c from mitochondria. This efflux occurred during both abortive infection(More)
Initiation of translation on picornaviral RNA templates occurs via cap-independent ribosome binding to a cis-acting element, internal ribosome entry site (IRES). Mapping of the starting point of translation relative to the IRES was attempted using Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) RNA as a model. The possibility that the starting point is(More)
UNLABELLED It is hypothesized that targeting stable cellular factors involved in viral replication instead of virus-specific proteins may raise the barrier for development of resistant mutants, which is especially important for highly adaptable small (+)RNA viruses. However, contrary to this assumption, the accumulated evidence shows that these viruses(More)
Human prothymosin alpha is a proliferation-related nuclear protein undergoing caspase-mediated fragmentation in apoptotic cells. We show here that caspase-3 is the principal executor of prothymosin alpha fragmentation in vivo. In apoptotic HeLa cells as well as in vitro, caspase-3 cleaves prothymosin alpha at one major carboxy terminal (DDVD(99)) and(More)
Expression of viral genes results in the modulation of cellular metabolism to support virus replication. Poliovirus infection of HeLa cells induces a dramatic rearrangement of intracellular membrane structures: virtually all cellular organelles except mitochondria are converted into virus replication vesicles. Although this phenomenon is known for almost(More)
Infection of cells with poliovirus induces a massive intracellular membrane reorganization to form vesicle-like structures where viral RNA replication occurs. The mechanism of membrane remodeling remains unknown, although some observations have implicated components of the cellular secretory and/or autophagy pathways. Recently, we showed that some members(More)
The death of poliovirus-infected cells may occur in two forms: canonical cytopathic effect (CPE) (on productive infections) or apoptosis (when the viral reproduction is hindered by certain drugs or some other restrictive conditions). Morphological manifestations of the CPE and apoptosis, being distinct, share some traits (e.g., chromatin condensation and(More)
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD), which has led to millions of attacks and several outbreaks across the world and become more predominant in Asia-Pacific Region, especially in Mainland China, is caused by several Human Enteroviruses including new enterovirus, coxsakievirus and echovirus. In recent years, much research has focused on the epidemiological(More)
Replication of many RNA viruses is accompanied by extensive remodeling of intracellular membranes. In poliovirus-infected cells, ER and Golgi stacks disappear, while new clusters of vesicle-like structures form sites for viral RNA synthesis. Virus replication is inhibited by brefeldin A (BFA), implicating some components(s) of the cellular secretory pathway(More)
Positive-strand RNA [(+)RNA] viruses show a significant degree of conservation of their mechanisms of replication. The universal requirement of (+)RNA viruses for cellular membranes for genome replication, and the formation of membranous replication organelles with similar architecture, suggest that they target essential control mechanisms of membrane(More)