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Cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) is a natural compound that mobilizes calcium ions in several eukaryotic cells. Although it can lead to the release of calcium ions in T lymphocytes, it has not been firmly established as a second messenger in these cells. Here, using high-performance liquid chromatography analysis, we show that stimulation of the T-cell(More)
Inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP6), the dominant inositol phosphate in insulin-secreting pancreatic beta cells, inhibited the serine-threonine protein phosphatases type 1, type 2A, and type 3 in a concentration-dependent manner. The activity of voltage-gated L-type calcium channels is increased in cells treated with inhibitors of serine-threonine protein(More)
A new class of inositol phosphates containing energy-rich pyrophosphoryl residues has been characterized. D/L-1-Diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate(s) and D/L-bis-(1,4)-diphosphoinositol tetrakisphosphate(s) are present as soluble ionic species in the cytosol of amoebae (Dictyostelium discoideum) at concentrations in the range of 0.05-0.25 mM. These(More)
The micro-organism Dictyostelium uses extracellular cAMP to induce chemotaxis and cell differentiation. Signals are transduced via surface receptors, which activate G proteins, to effector enzymes. The deduced protein sequence of Dictyostelium discoideum phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PLC) shows strong homology with the mammalian PLC-delta(More)
Previous structural analyses of diphosphoinositol polyphosphates in biological systems have relied largely on NMR analysis. For example, in Dictyostelium discoideum, diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate was determined by NMR to be 4- and/or 6-PPInsP5, and the bisdiphosphoinositol tetrakisphosphate was found to be 4, 5-bisPPInsP4 and/or 5,6-bisPPInsP4(More)
InsP(6) [Ins(1,2,3,4,5,6)P6; phytate] is the most abundant inositol phosphate in mammalian cells with cytosolic/nuclear concentrations of up to 50 μM. We noticed that InsP6 in culture medium at a concentration of ≤50 μM significantly stimulates H1299 tumour cell growth, whereas larger concentrations of InsP6 inhibit growth. A detailed study of the fate of(More)
A microbore high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method is presented allowing rapid and sensitive mass analysis of inositol phosphates from cells and tissues. An analysis starting from inorganic phosphate up to inositol hexakisphosphate displaying a similar isomer selectivity as compared to the standard metal-dye detection system takes about 15(More)
A combined two-step high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed for the analysis of endogenous levels of cyclic adenosine diphosphoribose (cADPR) in cell extracts. The detection sensitivity for cADPR was about 10 pmol. Linearity of the HPLC detection system was demonstrated in the range of 10 pmol up to 2 nmol. The method was(More)
The serine/threonine kinase Rho-kinase was recently identified as a downstream effector of the small GTPase Rho, mediating effects of Rho on the actin cytoskeleton. Also phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P(2)) has been implicated in the regulation of actin polymerization. As the synthesis of PI(4,5)P(2) has been suggested to be affected by Rho(More)
We have characterized the positional specificity of the mammalian and yeast VIP/diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate kinase (PPIP5K) family of inositol phosphate kinases. We deployed a microscale metal dye detection protocol coupled to a high performance liquid chromatography system that was calibrated with synthetic and biologically synthesized standards of(More)