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Complement receptor 1 (CR1) is present on erythrocytes (E-CR1), various leucocytes, and renal glomerular epithelial cells (podocytes). In addition, plasma contains a soluble form of CR1 (sCR1). By using a specific ELISA, CR1 was detected in the urine (uCR1) of normal individuals (excretion rate in 12 subjects, 3.12 +/- 1.15 micrograms/24 h). Contrary to(More)
Factor D is an essential enzyme of the alternative pathway of complement. Its plasma concentration increases approximately tenfold in end-stage renal failure (ESRF). To analyze its metabolism in humans, we injected purified radiolabelled factor D into 5 healthy individuals and 12 patients with various renal diseases or renal failure. Fractional metabolic(More)
Complement prevents the formation of insoluble immune complexes (inhibition of immune precipitation (IIP], and solubilizes preformed immune aggregates (solubilization (SOL]. Since the mechanism of complement activation differs in these two reactions, it is possible that they differ also in the amount of complement fragments released, in particular the(More)
Since autoantibodies (Abs) to cytokines may modify their biologic activities, high-affinity binding factors for interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha BF) were characterized in human sera. IL-1 alpha BF was identified as IgG (1) by sucrose density-gradient centrifugation followed by immunodiffusion autoradiography, (2) by ligand-blotting method, (3) by ligand(More)
C receptor type 1 (CR1, CD35) is present in a soluble form in plasma (sCR1). Soluble CR1 was measured with a specific ELISA assay in normal individuals and in patients with different diseases. The mean serum concentration of sCR1 in 31 normal donors was 31.4 +/- 7.8 ng/ml, and was identical in plasma. An increase in sCR1 was observed in 36 patients with(More)
The two forms of human C4 were compared in their haemolytic activity and in their capacity to mediate inhibition of immune complex precipitation in human C4 deficient sera. Whereas haemolysis by C4B was 3.2 fold more efficient than by C4A, C4A was 1.7 fold more efficient at inhibiting immune precipitation than C4B. Thus the biological properties of the two(More)
1. Quick stretches and releases were applied to small bundles of glycerinated fibres of rabbit psoas and insect fibrillar flight muscle. The resulting tension changes were recorded at various temperatures and amplitudes of length change. The results from the two preparations had many features in common. At temperatures near 0 degrees C the asymmetry of the(More)