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The halobacterial phototaxis receptors sensory rhodopsin I and II (SRI, SRII) enable the bacteria to seek optimal light conditions for ion pumping by bacteriorhodopsin and/or halorhodopsin. The incoming signal is transferred across the plasma membrane by means of receptor-specific transducer proteins that bind tightly to their corresponding photoreceptors.(More)
The photocycle of the photophobic receptor sensory rhodopsin II from N. pharaonis was analyzed by varying measuring wavelengths, temperature, and pH, and by exchanging H2O with D2O. The data can be satisfactorily modeled by eight exponents over the whole range of modified parameters. The kinetic data support a model similar to that of bacteriorhodopsin (BR)(More)
In the present work the light-activated proton transfer reactions of sensory rhodopsin II from Natronobacterium pharaonis (pSRII) and those of the channel-mutants D75N-pSRII and F86D-pSRII are investigated using flash photolysis and black lipid membrane (BLM) techniques. Whereas the photocycle of the F86D-pSRII mutant is quite similar to that of the(More)
The sensory rhodopsin II from Natronobacterium pharaonis (NpSRII) was mutated to try to create functional properties characteristic of bacteriorhodopsin (BR), the proton pump from Halobacterium salinarum. Key residues from the cytoplasmic and extracellular proton transfer channel of BR as well as from the retinal binding site were chosen. The single site(More)
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