Georg Schäfer

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Docetaxel is a standard chemotherapy for patients with metastatic prostate cancer. However, the response is rather limited and not all of the patients benefit from this treatment. To uncover key mechanisms of docetaxel insensitivity in prostate cancer, we have established docetaxel-resistant sublines. In this study, we report that docetaxel-resistant cells(More)
BACKGROUND RhoE/Rnd3, a recently described novel member of the Rho GTPases family, was discussed as a possible antagonist of the RhoA protein that stimulates cell cycle progression and is overexpressed and/or overactivated in prostate cancer. We investigated the expression of RhoE and its role in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis in the human prostate. (More)
Massively parallel sequencing technologies have brought an enormous increase in sequencing throughput. However, these technologies need to be further improved with regard to reproducibility and applicability to clinical samples and settings. Using identification of genetic variations in prostate cancer as an example we address three crucial challenges in(More)
The genetic etiology of prostate cancer, the most common form of male cancer in western countries, is complex and the interplay of disease genes with environmental factors is far from being understood. Studies on somatic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations have become an important aspect of cancer research because these mutations might have functional(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the prostate cancer detection rate of real-time elastography targeted biopsy in men with total prostate specific antigen 1.25 ng/ml or greater and 4.00 ng/ml or less. MATERIALS AND METHODS Real-time elastography using an EUB 8500 Hitachi ultrasound system (Hitachi Medical, Tokyo, Japan) was done in 94 men with a mean age of 57.4 years(More)
PURPOSE ATF3 is a member of the basic leucine zipper/cyclic adenosine monophosphate responsive element binding protein family of transcription factors. There is overwhelming evidence that it is a stress inducible factor acting in a signal-type and cell-type dependent manner, and it is involved in cell proliferation and survival. We found that ATF3 was(More)
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed cancer and second leading cause of male cancer death in Western nations. Thus, new treatment modalities are urgently needed. Elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by NADPH oxidase (Nox) enzymes is implicated in tumorigenesis of the prostate and other tissues. However, the identity of the(More)
PURPOSE Prostate cancer grading with Gleason score is an important prognostic factor. This prospective randomized study compares ultrasound systematic biopsy vs contrast enhanced color Doppler targeted biopsy for the impact on Gleason score findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined 690 men (mean age 56 years, range 41 to 77) with a serum total prostate(More)
PURPOSE Gallbladder carcinoma is an aggressive type of cancer that is difficult to cure by conventional procedures. There thus is a need to identify novel molecular markers for the assessment of prognosis and as potential therapeutic targets. This retrospective study was designed to investigate the prognostic significance of epithelial cell adhesion(More)
Loss of cell cycle control is a prerequisite for cancer onset and progression. In prostate cancer, increased activity of cell cycle genes has been associated with prognostic parameters such as biochemical relapse and survival. The identification of novel oncogenic and druggable targets in patient subgroups with poor prognosis may help to develop targeted(More)