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N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NMDAR) activity regulates the net number of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors (AMPAR) at the cell surface by modulating the balance between AMPAR membrane insertion and endocytosis. In this study, we addressed the role of NMDAR subtypes and of NMDAR-mediated Ca2+ influx in the(More)
Brain nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are involved in several neuropsychiatric disorders, e.g. Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, Tourette's syndrome, schizophrenia, depression, autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and anxiety. Currently, approaches selectively targeting the activation of specific nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are in(More)
alpha-Synuclein, a protein implicated in neurodegenerative diseases and of elusive physiological function owes its name to an observed presence in presynaptic and nuclear compartments. However, its nuclear localisation has remained controversial. We expressed synuclein-eGFP fusion proteins in organotypic rat hippocampal slice cultures and murine hippocampal(More)
Ca2+ entry through store-operated Ca2+release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channels is essential for T-cell activation and proliferation. Recently, it has been shown that 3,5-bistrifluoromethyl pyrazole (BTP) derivatives are specific inhibitors of Ca2+-dependent transcriptional activity in T-cells (Trevillyan, J. M., Chiou, X. G., Chen, Y. W., Ballaron, S. J.,(More)
The stimulatory effects of nitric oxide (NO) on central motor pattern generation in isolated locust suboesophageal ganglia (SOGs) were studied using extracellular recordings from motor nerves. Different NO donor molecules and a specific inhibitor of soluble guanylyl cyclases were used to confirm that the observed motor pattern occurred in response to(More)
Conflicting findings are reported in the literature about the involvement of the mGlu5 receptor in hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP), which might be a consequence of different sub-types of LTP induced by the investigators due to the specific experimental conditions used. A comparable controversy came up in the past concerning the influence of(More)
The mandibular motor pattern induced by the phosphodiesterase inhibitor 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) in isolated locust suboesophageal ganglia (SOG) was investigated and compared with the motor pattern induced by pilocarpine in an already established preparation of the SOG. Motor patterns occurring after bath application of IBMX or pilocarpine were(More)
The interrelationships of motor patterns controlling the mouthparts and the salivary gland of the migratory locust were studied in a deafferented preparation activated by the muscarinic agonist pilocarpine. The aim of the study was to check whether motor output of different neuromeres of the suboesophageal ganglion and the brain is coherent and functionally(More)
Precise refinement of synaptic connectivity is the result of activity-dependent mechanisms in which coincidence-dependent calcium signaling by NMDA receptors (NMDARs) under control of the voltage-dependent Mg2+ block might play a special role. In the developing rodent trigeminal system, the pattern of synaptic connections between whisker-specific inputs and(More)
Donepezil is the current standard symptomatic treatment of mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. It aims to compensate for the deficit in cholinergic neurotransmission by blocking acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and thus increases the concentration of extracellular acetylcholine. However, experience from clinical practice demonstrated that AChE(More)