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This study focuses on the role of platelet membrane glycoproteins and platelet-leucocyte adhesion in patients with sepsis and multiple organ failure (MOF). Specifically, the study raises the following issues: (1) the influence of sepsis and MOF on platelet activation as assessed by surface expression of platelet membrane glycoproteins GPIIb-IIIa and(More)
Multiple hemostatic changes occur in sepsis and multiple organ failure (MOF). To evaluate the role of platelets in patients with sepsis and MOF, we examined changes in surface glycoproteins on circulating platelets of 14 patients with suspected sepsis and MOF. The severity of sepsis and MOF was assessed by the Elebute and APACHE II scoring systems,(More)
Strongly decreased leucocyte counts and a reduced CD4/CD8 T cell ratio in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of natalizumab (NZB)-treated multiple sclerosis (MS) patients may have implications on central nervous (CNS) immune surveillance. With regard to NZB-associated progressive multi-focal leucoencephalopathy, we aimed at delineating a relationship between(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether a defect at the post-receptor level of adenylyl cyclase may also contribute to the decreased effectiveness of cAMP-increasing agents in severely failing patients with congenital heart disease. The severity of congestive heart failure in 31 patients with congenital heart disease was graded by a scoring system(More)
OBJECTIVE To report about a possible association between fingolimod treatment and tumefactive demyelinating lesions (TDL) as seen in a patient developing repeated TDL on continued fingolimod therapy. METHODS We performed serial clinical and radiologic assessments and immunophenotyping of blood and CSF immune cells. We also present a literature review(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac surgery using extracorporeal circulation leads to the release of cytokines and subsequently to a systemic inflammatory response syndrome, which is thought to be a negative prognostic factor for patients' outcome. A stratification for the risk of an escalating systemic inflammatory response syndrome had been achieved in a monocenter study(More)
The role of intravenous immune globulin (Ig) therapy in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock is discussed controversially. Low initial IgG levels could help to identify those patients who might benefit from an adjunctive Ig treatment. To investigate the effect of initial serum IgG levels on 28-day mortality in patients with severe sepsis and septic(More)
UNLABELLED Increasing evidence indicates that thrombin plays a role not only in thrombosis but also in the progression of atherosclerosis. AIM The relationship between thrombin generation and intima-media thickness (IMT) as an index of subclinical atherosclerosis was investigated. Participants, material, methods: We examined 163 asymptomatic middle-aged(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To address the relevance of the IgM component in polyvalent immunoglobulins in sepsis treatment by comparison of the clinical course under polyvalent IgG vs IgGMA therapy in postcardiac surgical patients at high risk for sepsis and to reassess the prognostic validity of sequential changes in acute physiology and chronic health evaluation(More)
In 47 medical and postoperative ICU patients with 57 episodes of sepsis and septic shock, cardiovascular parameters including systemic vascular resistance (SVR), cardiac index (CI), stroke volume index (SVI), left ventricular stroke work index (LVSWI) as well as six scoring systems (APACHE II, Elebute, Goris, HIS, SAPS and SSS) were studied regarding their(More)