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AIM To present a new non-invasive method of performing a high definition topography of perfused vessels of the retina and the optic nerve head with simultaneous evaluation of blood flow. METHOD By a combination of a laser Doppler flowmeter with a scanning laser system the perfusion of the retina and the optic nerve head is visualised. The principles of(More)
BACKGROUND Scanning laser Doppler flowmetry (SLDF) enables the measurement of the laser Doppler frequency shift in retinal tissue. This process allows the quantification of retinal and optic nerve head perfusion in an area of 2.7 mm x 0.7 mm within 2 seconds and with a spatial resolution of 10 microns x 10 microns. Owing to the local heterogeneity of the(More)
Glaucoma as a neurodegeneration of the optic nerve is one of the most common causes of blindness. Because revitalization of the degenerated nerve fibers of the optic nerve is impossible early detection of the disease is essential. This can be supported by a robust and automated mass-screening. We propose a novel automated glaucoma detection system that(More)
The blood flow in the uvea in cats and monkeys during acute increases of arterial blood pressure is well controlled by a sympathetic mechanism protecting the eye from overperfusion. Ocular macrocirculation (ophthalmic artery) and ocular microcirculation (iris) were examined in 22 healthy subjects during acute increases of arterial blood pressure induced by(More)
• Background: At this time little information is available about the relationship between glaucomatous visual field defects and impaired blood flow in the optic nerve head. The purpose of this study was to examine blood flow of the juxtapapillary retina and the rim area of the optic nerve head in primary open-angle glaucoma with a borderline visual defect.(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study is to present the reliability and validity of scanning laser Doppler flowmetry (SLDF) performing a high-definition topography of perfused vessels of the retina and the optic nerve head with simultaneous evaluation of blood flow. METHODS The examination of blood flow by SLDF is based on the optical Doppler effect. The(More)
PURPOSE To quantify the influence of age on the retinal perfusion, the authors investigated the microcirculation of the retina and optic nerve head (ONH) and the blood flow velocity in the central retinal artery (CRA). METHOD The authors examined two groups of healthy volunteers. In group 1 (n=36 eyes of 36 subjects; mean age, 41.5 +/- 14.9 years),(More)
Autonomic neuropathy may contribute to the pathophysiology of both open-angle and normal-pressure glaucoma. However, autonomic function has not been studied extensively in these diseases. We evaluated baroreflex control of the heart and blood vessels in open-angle and normal-pressure glaucoma. We studied 14 patients with open-angle glaucoma, 15 with(More)
PURPOSE Several studies indicate that calcium channel blockers improve the clinical course of normal tension glaucoma (NTG), whereas the underlying mechanism is not fully investigated. Hemodynamic improvement and neuroprotective effects are discussed. In this study, we measured the hemodynamic effects of nimodipine on retinal circulation. PATIENTS AND(More)
One of the most common modalities to examine the human eye is the eye-fundus photograph. The evaluation of fundus photographs is carried out by medical experts during time-consuming visual inspection. Our aim is to accelerate this process using computer aided diagnosis. As a first step, it is necessary to segment structures in the images for tissue(More)