Georg-Martin Fiedler

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OBJECTIVE Dysnatremias are common in critically ill patients and associated with adverse outcomes, but their incidence, nature, and treatment rarely have been studied systematically in the population presenting to the emergency department. We conducted a study in patients presenting to the emergency department of the University of Bern. METHODS In this(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the prevalence, etiology, and symptoms of severe hypokalemia in patients presenting to the emergency department. METHODS In this retrospective, cross-sectional analysis, we included all patients who received measurement of serum potassium between April 2008 and 31 March 2011 at the emergency department to calculate the prevalence(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with electrolyte imbalances or disorders have a high risk of mortality. It is unknown if this finding from sodium or potassium disorders extends to alterations of magnesium levels. METHODS AND PATIENTS In this cross-sectional analysis, all emergency room patients between 2010 and 2011 at the Inselspital Bern, Switzerland, were(More)
BACKGROUND Diuretics are among the most commonly prescribed medications and, due to their mechanisms of action, electrolyte disorders are common side effects of their use. In the present work we investigated the associations between diuretics being taken and the prevalence of electrolyte disorders on admission as well as the impact of electrolyte disorders(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphate imbalances or disorders have a high risk of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease. It is unknown if this finding extends to mortality in patients presenting at an emergency room with or without normal kidney function. METHODS AND PATIENTS This cross sectional analysis included all emergency room patients(More)
PURPOSES The aim of the study was to describe the prevalence, demographic, and clinical characteristics and etiologies of hypercalcemia in emergency department patients. BASIC PROCEDURES In this retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study, all patients admitted between April 1, 2008, and March 31, 2011, to the emergency department of Inselspital,(More)
Patients with diuretic therapy are at risk for drug-induced adverse reactions. It is unknown if presence of diuretic therapy at hospital emergency room admission is associated with mortality. In this cross sectional analysis, all emergency room patients 2010 and 2011 at the Inselspital Bern, Switzerland were included. A multivariable logistic regression(More)
Human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are activated during extracorporeal circulation. An indicator of PMN activation may be the glycogen-degrading enzyme phosphorylase. It is unknown whether dialysis therapy may influence PMN carbohydrate metabolism. Therefore, PMNs were isolated from healthy control subjects, patients undergoing continuous ambulatory(More)
Patients admitted to emergency departments with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are commonly being treated with oral anticoagulants. In contrast to patients without anticoagulant medication, no guidelines, scores or recommendations exist for the management of mild traumatic brain injury in these patients. We therefore tested whether age as one of the high risk(More)
An uraemic pericarditis can appear as complication of a haemodialysis in different stages. At the beginning an uraemic pericarditis is still to be referred to the uncompensated retention or to adaptation processes in the cellular mineral metabolism. An uraemic pericarditis in the later course of the dialysis nearly regularly is connected with an(More)