Georg Luegmair

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The ability to communicate with our voice can be regarded as the concatenation of the two processes "phonation" and "modulation." These take place in the larynx and palatal and oral region, respectively. During phonation the audible primary voice signal is created by mutual reaction of vocal folds with the exhaled air stream of the lungs. The underlying(More)
Experiments on human and on animal excised specimens as well as in vivo animal preparations are so far the most realistic approaches to simulate the in vivo process of human phonation. These experiments do not have the disadvantage of limited space within the neck and enable studies of the actual organ necessary for phonation, i.e., the larynx. The studies(More)
Vocal fold kinematics and its interaction with aerodynamic characteristics play a primary role in acoustic sound production of the human voice. Investigating the temporal details of these kinematics using high-speed videoendoscopic imaging techniques has proven challenging in part due to the limitations of quantifying complex vocal fold vibratory behavior(More)
For the analysis of vocal fold dynamics, sub- and supraglottal influences must be taken into account, as recent studies have shown. In this work, we analyze the influence of changes in the epilaryngeal area on vocal fold dynamics. We investigate two excised female larynges in a hemilarynx setup combined with a synthetic vocal tract consisting of hard(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have confirmed the influence of dehydration and an altered mucus (e.g., due to pathologies) on phonation. However, the underlying reasons for these influences are not fully understood. This study was a preliminary inquiry into the influences of mucus architecture and concentration on vocal fold oscillation. METHOD Two excised human(More)
for clinical treatment of voice disorders understanding of biomechanics of the voice producing parts in the human larynx is essential. an experimental setup is suggested to determine the deformations of the human vocal folds by inducing defined forces. in a static tensile test forces are applied to the fold of an excised human hemi-larynx. the resulting(More)
INTRODUCTION Voice specialists make critical diagnostic, medical, therapeutic, and surgical decisions based on coupling visual observations of vocal fold tissue motion with auditory-perceptual judgments of voice quality; i.e., in the typical setting, clinicians relate what they see in endoscopic recordings to what they hear [1]. Although clinical experience(More)
Laryngeal cancer due to, e.g., extensive smoking and/or alcohol consumption can necessitate the excision of the entire larynx. After such a total laryngectomy, the voice generating structures are lost and with that the quality of life of the concerning patients is drastically reduced. However, the vibrations of the remaining tissue in the so called(More)
After total larynx excision due to laryngeal cancer, the tracheoesophageal substitute tissue vibrations at the intersection between the pharynx and the esophagus [pharyngoesophageal segment (PE segment)] serve as voice generator. The quality of the substitute voice significantly depends on the vibratory characteristics of the PE segment. For improving voice(More)