Learn More
beta-Amyloid peptide (Abeta) is the major constituent of senile plaques, the key pathological feature of Alzheimer's disease. Abeta is physiologically produced as a soluble form, but aggregation of Abeta monomers into oligomers/fibrils causes neurotoxic change of the peptide. In nature, many microorganisms accumulate small molecule chaperones (SMCs) under(More)
The halophilic γ-proteobacterium Halomonas elongata DSM 2581(T) thrives at high salinity by synthesizing and accumulating the compatible solute ectoine. Ectoine levels are highly regulated according to external salt levels but the overall picture of its metabolism and control is not well understood. Apart from its critical role in cell adaptation to(More)
Thiostrepton and micrococcin inhibit protein synthesis by binding to the L11 binding domain (L11BD) of 23S ribosomal RNA. The two compounds are structurally related, yet they produce different effects on ribosomal RNA in footprinting experiments and on elongation factor-G (EF-G)-dependent GTP hydrolysis. Using NMR and an assay based on A1067 methylation by(More)
The ribosome is an important target for aminoglycoside antibiotics; however, the clinical effectiveness of aminoglycosides has diminished due to bacterial resistance mechanisms. Here we report the X-ray structure of a novel synthetic aminoglycoside bound to the A site of the ribosome, its target for manifestation of activity. The structure validates the in(More)
The X-ray crystal structures for the complexes of three designer antibiotics, compounds 1, 2, and 3, bound to two models for the ribosomal aminoacyl-tRNA site (A site) at 2.5-3.0 Angstroms resolution and that of neamine at 2.8 Angstroms resolution are described. Furthermore, the complex of antibiotic 1 bound to the A site in the entire 30S ribosomal subunit(More)
The aggregation of soluble beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide into oligomers/fibrils is one of the key pathological features in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The use of naturally occurring small molecules for inhibiting protein aggregation has recently attracted many interests due to their effectiveness for treating protein folding diseases such as AD, Parkinson's,(More)
The targeting of RNA for the design of novel anti-viral compounds has until now proceeded largely without incorporating direct input from structure-based design methodology, partly because of lack of structural data, and complications arising from substrate flexibility. We propose a paradigm to explain the physical mechanism for ligand-induced refolding of(More)
Rational structure-based drug design has been applied to the antibiotic thiostrepton, in an attempt to overcome some of its' limitations. The identification of a proposed binding fragment allowed construction of a number of key fragments, which were derivatised to generate a library of potential antibiotics. These were then evaluated to determine their(More)
Virtual screening against a pCDK2/cyclin A crystal structure led to the identification of a potent and novel CDK2 inhibitor, which exhibited an unusual mode of interaction with the kinase binding motif. With the aid of X-ray crystallography and modelling, a medicinal chemistry strategy was implemented to probe the interactions seen in the crystal structure(More)
The bacterial ribosome comprises 30 S and 50 S ribonucleoprotein subunits, contains a number of binding sites for known antibiotics and is an attractive target for selection of novel antibacterial agents. On the 30 S subunit, for example, the A site (aminoacyl site) close to the 3'-end of 16 S rRNA is highly important in the decoding process. Binding by(More)