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LEM-domain proteins present a growing family of nonrelated inner nuclear membrane and intranuclear proteins, including emerin, MAN1, LEM2, several alternatively spliced isoforms of LAP2, and various uncharacterized proteins in higher eukaryotes as well as the Drosophila-specific proteins otefin and Bocksbeutel. LEM-domain proteins are involved in diverse(More)
Mitochondria possess an outer membrane (OMM) and an inner membrane (IMM), which folds into invaginations called cristae. Lipid composition, membrane potential, and proteins in the IMM influence organization of cristae. Here we show an essential role of the OMM protein Sam50 in the maintenance of the structure of cristae. Sam50 is a part of the sorting and(More)
The three-step model of cell migration consisting of protrusion of a leading lamella, attachment to the substrate, and contraction of the cell body is well established for fibroblasts migrating across planar surfaces. However, it is not resolved to what extent the migration of cancer cells in a 3-dimensional tissue environment follows similar principles.(More)
Discovered in 1902 by Georg Maurer as a peculiar dotted staining pattern observable by light microscopy in the cytoplasm of erythrocytes infected with the human malarial parasite Plasmodium falciparum, the function of Maurer's clefts have remained obscure for more than a century. The growing interest in protein sorting and trafficking processes in malarial(More)
Defining the molecular structure and function of synapses is a central theme in brain research. In Drosophila the Bruchpilot (BRP) protein is associated with T-shaped ribbons ("T-bars") at presynaptic active zones (AZs). BRP is required for intact AZ structure and normal evoked neurotransmitter release. By screening for mutations that affect the tissue(More)
The passage of large-sized herpesviral capsids through the nuclear lamina and the inner nuclear membrane to leave the nucleus requires a dissolution of the nuclear lamina. Here, we report on the functions of M50/p35, a beta-herpesviral protein of murine cytomegalovirus. M50/p35 inserts into the inner nuclear membrane and is aggregated by a second viral(More)
Seven bacteriophages specific to Vibrio harveyi, the causative agent of luminous vibriosis in shrimp, were isolated from coastal aquaculture systems like shrimp farms, hatcheries and tidal creeks along the east and west coast of India. All the seven phages were found to have the typical head and tail morphology with double-stranded DNA as genetic material.(More)
Previously we cloned membrane associated (M(r) 62000-67000) polypeptides from pig (pRS1), rabbit (rbRS1) and man (hRS1) which modified transport activities that were expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes by the Na(+)-D-glucose cotransporter SGLT1 and/or the organic cation transporter OCT2. These effects were dependent on the species of RS1 and on the target(More)
Intracellular endosymbiotic bacteria inherent to ants of the genus Camponotus were characterized. The bacteria were localized in bacteriocytes, which are specialized cells of both workers and queen ants; these cells are intercalated between epithelial cells of the midgut. The bacteriocytes show a different morphology from the normal epithelial cells and(More)
One of the most complex molecular machines of cells is the nuclear pore complex (NPC), which controls all trafficking of molecules in and out of the nucleus. Because of their importance for cellular processes such as gene expression and cytoskeleton organization, the structure of NPCs has been studied extensively during the last few decades, mainly by(More)