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The three-step model of cell migration consisting of protrusion of a leading lamella, attachment to the substrate, and contraction of the cell body is well established for fibroblasts migrating across planar surfaces. However, it is not resolved to what extent the migration of cancer cells in a 3-dimensional tissue environment follows similar principles.(More)
Seven bacteriophages specific to Vibrio harveyi, the causative agent of luminous vibriosis in shrimp, were isolated from coastal aquaculture systems like shrimp farms, hatcheries and tidal creeks along the east and west coast of India. All the seven phages were found to have the typical head and tail morphology with double-stranded DNA as genetic material.(More)
LEM-domain proteins present a growing family of nonrelated inner nuclear membrane and intranuclear proteins, including emerin, MAN1, LEM2, several alternatively spliced isoforms of LAP2, and various uncharacterized proteins in higher eukaryotes as well as the Drosophila-specific proteins otefin and Bocksbeutel. LEM-domain proteins are involved in diverse(More)
Zebrafish lamina-associated polypeptides 2 (ZLAP2) beta, gamma and omega have in common an N-terminal region with a LEM domain, and in the C-terminal half of the molecule a lamina binding domain and a membrane spanning sequence. The maternally synthesized omega is the largest isoform and the only LAP2 present in the rapidly dividing embryonic cells up to(More)
Defining the molecular structure and function of synapses is a central theme in brain research. In Drosophila the Bruchpilot (BRP) protein is associated with T-shaped ribbons ("T-bars") at presynaptic active zones (AZs). BRP is required for intact AZ structure and normal evoked neurotransmitter release. By screening for mutations that affect the tissue(More)
Most intracellular bacterial pathogens reside within membrane-surrounded host-derived vacuoles. Few of these bacteria exploit membranes from the host's endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to form a replicative vacuole. Here, we describe the formation of ER-vacuole contact sites as part of the replicative niche of the chlamydial organism Simkania negevensis.(More)
The LEM motif is a sequence of 40-50 amino acids that has been identified in a number of non-related proteins of the inner nuclear membrane including the lamina-associated polypeptides 2 (LAP2), emerin, MAN1 and the Drosophila protein otefin. This evolutionary conserved sequence motif can mediate via the interaction with the small protein BAF the binding of(More)
Here we describe the Drosophila melanogaster LEM-domain protein encoded by the annotated gene CG3167 which is the putative ortholog to vertebrate MAN1. MAN1 of Drosophila (dMAN1) and vertebrates have the following properties in common. Firstly, both molecules are integral membrane proteins of the inner nuclear membrane (INM) and share the same structural(More)
The assembly kinetics of Xenopus wild type lamin A and 7 mutants were analyzed by the microinjection of renatured 5-iodoacetamidofluorescein (5-IAF)-labeled protein into mouse 3T3 cells. This experimental system has the advantage that the masking of the mutant phenotype by the formation of heterooligomeric complexes with newly synthesized lamins of the(More)
BACKGROUND The shape of a nucleus depends on the nuclear lamina, which is tightly associated with the inner nuclear membrane and on the interaction with the cytoskeleton. However, the mechanism connecting the differentiation state of a cell to the shape changes of its nucleus are not well understood. We investigated this question in early Drosophila(More)