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Several authors have investigated the role of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) in the reproductive tract, but there are no data available whether 17beta-estradiol (E2) regulates expression of members of the AHR pathway in the uterus. We therefore examined the mRNA expression of Ahr as well as the genes of the AHR dimerization partners ARNT1 and ARNT2 and the(More)
Estrogen-like effects of the heavy metal cadmium have been reported in both in vitro and in vivo studies. Yet, the molecular mechanisms involved in the hormonal activity of cadmium ions have not been fully elucidated. There are extensive data on cross-talk between aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and estrogen receptor (ER). Recently, 17β-estradiol (E2) was(More)
The effects of black cohosh extracts (Rhizoma Cimicifugae racemosae) on primary estrogen target organs, like mammary gland and endometrium are better described then those on other estrogen-sensitive systems e.g. the vasculature. We therefore treated ovariectomized DA/Han rats for 17 days with an isopropanolic Cimicifuga racemosa rhizoma extract (iCR) alone(More)
8-Prenylnaringenin (8-PN) and naringenin (Nar) are phytoestrogens found in food items and nutritional supplements, while 6-(1.1-dimethylallyl)naringenin (6-DMAN) is a component of an African plant. Besides their assumed beneficial effects they may promote mammary and endometrial cancer. We therefore assessed their proliferative and estrogenic potential on(More)
Many flavonoids, a major group of phenolic plant-derived secondary metabolites, are known to possess estrogen-like bioactivities. However, little is known about their estrogenic properties in the central nervous system due to the lack of suitable cellular models expressing sufficient amounts of functional estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta). To overcome this(More)
Plant natural products derived from phenylalanine and the phenylpropanoid pathways are impressive in their chemical diversity and are the result of plant evolution, which has selected for the acquisition of large repertoires of pigments, structural and defensive compounds, all derived from a phenylpropanoid backbone via the plant-specific phenylpropanoid(More)
Several studies indicate that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), which plays an important role in mediating the toxicity of many industrial chemicals, plays an important role in the physiology of female reproductive tract organs. This makes it likely that the AHR and additional components of the AHR signalling pathway are under the control of female sex(More)
A variety of plant derived substances, so-called phytoestrogens (PEs), although structurally not related to steroids, produce effects similar to the mammalian estradiol. However, little is known so far about the structural requirements which determine PE activities. Taking into consideration that prenylation reactions are relatively common in plant(More)
The potential utilization of plant secondary metabolites possessing estrogenic properties as alternatives to the classical hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for the relief of postmenopausal complaints asks for an evaluation regarding the safety in reproductive organs. In order to contribute to the estimation of the safety profile of the flavanones(More)
Phytoestrogens exhibit significant estrogen agonistic/antagonistic properties in animals and humans. Naturally occurring flavonoids with a naringenin backbone like 8-prenylnaringenin (8-PN) and 6-(1,1-dimethylallyl)naringenin (6-DMAN) are considered to be some of the most potent phytochemicals activating nuclear receptors. 8-PN is a more potent estrogenic(More)