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Male Wistar rats were treated with 50 mg 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB)/kg BW or vehicle. After 4 days, the livers were isolated and perfused for 90 min with 2 nM [125I]T3 or 10 nM [125I]T4 in Krebs-Ringer medium containing 1% albumin. Deiodination and conjugation products and remaining substrates were determined in bile and medium samples by Sephadex(More)
The uptake of [125I]T4 was investigated in cultured anterior pituitary cells isolated from adult fed Wistar rats and cultured for 3 days in medium containing 10% fetal calf serum. Experiments were performed with [125I]T4 (10(5) to 2 x 10(6) cpm; 0.35-7 nM) in medium containing 0.5% or 0.1% BSA. The uptake of [125I]T4 increased with time and showed(More)
We studied the effects of 3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furan-propanoic acid (CMPF), indoxyl sulfate, and hippuric acid on iodide production by rat hepatocytes in primary cultures. We questioned whether these substances could explain the alteration of serum thyroid hormone parameters observed in renal failure. Iodide production from [125I]T4 by rat(More)
In an area of severe endemic goiter in Central Java, Indonesia, clinical overt or mild hypothyroidism appeared to be present in 7 out of 20 cretins and also in 12 out of 94 non-cretinous subjects, all 5-20 years of age, living in the village of Sengi. Hypothyroidism was not found in a control group of 70 subjects of the same age living in Londjong just(More)
Although it was originally believed that thyroid hormones enter target cells by passive diffusion, it is now clear that cellular uptake is effected by carrier-mediated processes. Two stereospecific binding sites for each T4 and T3 have been detected in cell membranes and on intact cells from humans and other species. The apparent Michaelis-Menten values of(More)
We compared the uptake, metabolism, and biological effects of tetraiodothyroacetic acid (Tetrac) and rT3 in anterior pituitary cells with those of T4 and T3. Cells were isolated from adult male Wistar rats and cultured for 3 days in medium with 10% fetal calf serum. Uptake was measured at 37 C in medium with 0.1% BSA for [125I]Tetrac (200,000 cpm; 240 pM)(More)
Thyroid hormone action and metabolism are intracellular events that require transport of the hormone across the plasma membrane. We tested the possible involvement of the Na+/taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (Ntcp) and organic anion transporting polypeptide (oatp1) in the hepatic uptake of the prohormone T4, the active hormone T3, and the metabolites(More)