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BACKGROUND Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal and still poorly understood degenerative movement disorder that is characterised by autonomic failure, cerebellar ataxia, and parkinsonism in various combinations. Here we present the final analysis of a prospective multicentre study by the European MSA Study Group to investigate the natural history of(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps to distinguish anti-vascular and anti-tumor effects in the course of anti-angiogenic treatment of recurrent high-grade gliomas (rHGG) as compared to standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This retrospective study analyzed ADC maps from diffusion-weighted MRI in 14 rHGG(More)
To investigate the cerebral dopamine transporter status in the early stages of the parkinson-variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P), 15 patients with MSA-P and a disease duration up to 3 years were studied with [123I]beta-CIT single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Data were compared with 13 age-matched healthy control subjects and 15(More)
Changes in the status of DNA methylation are one of the most common molecular alterations in human neoplasia. Because it is possible to detect these epigenetic alterations in the bloodstream of patients, we investigated whether aberrant DNA methylation in patient pretherapeutic sera is of prognostic significance in breast cancer. Using MethyLight, a(More)
This study characterizes paw reaching, stepping and balance abnormalities in a double lesion rat model of striatonigral degeneration, the core pathology underlying levodopa unresponsive parkinsonism associated with multiple system atrophy. Extensive unilateral nigral or striatal lesions induced by 6-hydroxydopamine or quinolinic acid, respectively, produced(More)
PURPOSE The pathologic interactions between tumor and host immune cells within the tumor microenvironment create an immunosuppressive network that promotes tumor growth and protects the tumor from immune attack. In this study, we examined the contribution of the immunomodulatory enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) on this phenomenon. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
DNA methylation is a common molecular alteration in colorectal cancer cells. We report an assessment of faecal DNA from patients with colorectal cancer and controls to determine the feasibility, sensitivity, and specificity of this approach. By use of MethyLight analysis of faecal DNA from three independent sets of patients, we identified SFRP2 methylation(More)
OBJECTIVE This retrospective study analyzed whether the type of radiologic progression, classified according to contrast enhancement on MRI T1-weighted sequences and changes in T2-hyperintense signal, is relevant for outcome in patients with progressive glioblastoma (pGB) treated with bevacizumab. METHODS MRI scans of 83 patients with pGB treated with(More)
The Knee Society Total Knee Arthroplasty Radiographic Evaluation and Scoring System was introduced to encourage uniform reporting of radiographic outcome. However, the method for evaluation of radiolucent lines has been shown to be unreliable. Because it has been shown that reducing the complexity of classification systems increases reliability and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to determine the predictive value of olfactory dysfunction for the early development of a synuclein-mediated neurodegenerative disease in subjects with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) over an observational period of 5 years. METHODS Thirty-four patients with polysomnography-confirmed iRBD underwent(More)