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To investigate the cerebral dopamine transporter status in the early stages of the parkinson-variant of multiple system atrophy (MSA-P), 15 patients with MSA-P and a disease duration up to 3 years were studied with [123I]beta-CIT single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Data were compared with 13 age-matched healthy control subjects and 15(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal and still poorly understood degenerative movement disorder that is characterised by autonomic failure, cerebellar ataxia, and parkinsonism in various combinations. Here we present the final analysis of a prospective multicentre study by the European MSA Study Group to investigate the natural history of(More)
In this study, we explored to what extent brain abnormalities can be identified in specific brain structures of patients suffering from late onset depression. We examined the structural difference in regional gray and white matter volume between 14 community-dwelling patients suffering from geriatric depression and 20 age-matched non-depressed normal(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to determine the predictive value of olfactory dysfunction for the early development of a synuclein-mediated neurodegenerative disease in subjects with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) over an observational period of 5 years. METHODS Thirty-four patients with polysomnography-confirmed iRBD underwent(More)
INTRODUCTION The purpose of this study is to evaluate apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps to distinguish anti-vascular and anti-tumor effects in the course of anti-angiogenic treatment of recurrent high-grade gliomas (rHGG) as compared to standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS This retrospective study analyzed ADC maps from(More)
Different features of sensorimotor function and behaviour were studied in murine cerebral malaria (CM) and malaria without cerebral involvement (non-CM) applying the primary screen of the SHIRPA protocol. Histopathological analysis of distinct brain regions was performed and the relative size of haemorrhages and plugging of blood cells to brain vasculature(More)
OBJECTIVE This retrospective study analyzed whether the type of radiologic progression, classified according to contrast enhancement on MRI T1-weighted sequences and changes in T2-hyperintense signal, is relevant for outcome in patients with progressive glioblastoma (pGB) treated with bevacizumab. METHODS MRI scans of 83 patients with pGB treated with(More)
It is now widely accepted that there is a need for the development of molecular markers of cancer that can be used for clinical prognostication and monitoring. Approximately a decade ago tumor-derived circulating nucleic acids in the plasma or serum (CNAPS) of cancer patients were introduced as a noninvasive tool for cancer detection. This review focuses on(More)
DNA methylation is a common molecular alteration in colorectal cancer cells. We report an assessment of faecal DNA from patients with colorectal cancer and controls to determine the feasibility, sensitivity, and specificity of this approach. By use of MethyLight analysis of faecal DNA from three independent sets of patients, we identified SFRP2 methylation(More)
This study analysed mRNA expression of two members of the methyl-CpG-binding protein family - MeCP2 and MBD2 - in human non-neoplastic (n=11) and neoplastic (n=57) breast tissue specimens using a quantitative real-time PCR method. We observed higher expression levels of MeCP2 mRNA in neoplastic tissues than in non-neoplastic tissues (P=0.001), whereas no(More)