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BACKGROUND Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (GDD) is a recessively inherited neurometabolic disorder associated with encephalopathic crises and severe extrapyramidal symptoms. Treatment regimens including glucose and electrolyte infusions during acute illnesses, oral carnitine supplementation and/or a low-protein or lysine-restricted diet have been(More)
Clinical course, diagnostic and therapeutic management, and neurodevelopmental outcome were evaluated in 11 patients with glutaryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. In 9 patients macrocephalus was present at or shortly after birth and preceded the neurological disease. In 7 children an acute illness resembling encephalitis appeared after a period of(More)
Isotope, aerosol, and methane records document an abrupt cooling event across the Northern Hemisphere at 8.2 kiloyears before present (kyr), while separate geologic lines of evidence document the catastrophic drainage of the glacial Lakes Agassiz and Ojibway into the Hudson Bay at approximately the same time. This melt water pulse may have been the catalyst(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to determine the impact of expanded newborn screening using tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) on the overall detection rate of inborn errors of metabolism in Germany and to assess the outcome for the patients that were diagnosed. METHODS During the period of study, 250,000 neonates in a German population were(More)
Glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency is a rare inborn disorder of L-lysine, L-hydroxylysine, and L-tryptophan metabolism complicated by striatal damage during acute encephalopathic crises. Three decades after its description, the natural history and how to treat this disorder are still incompletely understood. To study which variables influenced the(More)
Neurologic disease in glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency usually presents with acute encephalopathic crises before 2 years of age. The authors report two previously asymptomatic patients with macrocephaly presenting with progressive neurologic deterioration and a severe leukoencephalopathy during adolescence or adulthood.
Phenylketonuria (PKU) and mild hyperphenylalaninemia (MHP) are allelic disorders caused by mutations in the gene encoding phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH). Previous studies have suggested that the highly variable metabolic phenotypes of PAH deficiency correlate with PAH genotypes. We identified both causative mutations in 686 patients from seven European(More)
Methylmalonic acidurias are biochemically characterized by an accumulation of methylmalonate (MMA) and alternative metabolites. There is growing evidence for basal ganglia degeneration in these patients. The pathomechanisms involved are still unknown, a contribution of toxic organic acids, in particular MMA, has been suggested. Here we report that MMA(More)
We report a novel inborn error of metabolism identified in a child with an unusual neurodegenerative disease. The male patient was born at term and recovered well from a postnatal episode of metabolic decompensation and lactic acidosis. Psychomotor development in the first year of life was only moderately delayed. After 14 mo of age, there was progressive(More)
Glutaric acid (GA) and 3-hydroxyglutaric acids (3-OH-GA) are key metabolites in glutaryl co-enzyme A dehydrogenase (GCDH) deficiency and are both considered to be potential neurotoxins. As cerebral concentrations of GA and 3-OH-GA have not yet been studied systematically, we investigated the tissue-specific distribution of these organic acids and(More)