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Many "complex" human diseases, which involve multiple genetic and environmental determinants, have increased in incidence during the past 2 decades. During the same time period, considerable effort and expense have been expended in whole-genome screens aimed at detection of genetic loci contributing to the susceptibility to complex human diseases. However,(More)
Asthma is among the most frequent chronic diseases in childhood. Although numerous environmental risk factors have already been identified, the basis for familial occurrence of asthma remains unclear. Previous genome screens for atopy in British/Australian families and for asthma in different American populations showed inconsistent results. We report a sib(More)
BACKGROUND Atopic disorders are the result of complex interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Associations analyses between the promoter polymorphism rs1800875 in the mast cell chymase gene (CMA1) and atopy-related phenotypes have yielded inconsistent results. METHODS We sequenced the CMA1 locus in 24 unrelated healthy individuals with(More)
The contrast mechanisms used for photoacoustic tomography (PAT) and fluorescence imaging differ in subtle, but significant, ways. The design of contrast agents for each or both modalities requires an understanding of the spectral characteristics as well as intra- and intermolecular interactions that occur during formulation. We found that fluorescence(More)
The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) may deteriorate liver function and can cause encephalopathy in patients with cirrhosis of the liver. Then reduction of TIPS flow may be required. We here report several attempts to reduce shunt flow in TIPS-induced encephalopathy or liver function impairment with novel techniques. Three patients with(More)
Forest fragmentation and selective logging are two main drivers of global environmental change and modify biodiversity and environmental conditions in many tropical forests. The consequences of these changes for the functioning of tropical forest ecosystems have rarely been explored in a comprehensive approach. In a Kenyan rainforest, we studied six(More)
Soluble guanylyl cyclase was purified from bovine lung by an immunoaffinity chromatographic method using IgG fractions of antisera against a synthetic peptide of the C-terminus of the 70-kDa subunit of the enzyme. After anion-exchange chromatography, the enzyme was bound to an immunoaffinity column and was eluted with the synthetic peptide. This method(More)