Georg Dechant

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Neurotrophins have long been known to promote the survival and differentiation of vertebrate neurons. However, these growth factors can also induce cell death through the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)), a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily. Consistent with a function in controlling the survival and process formation of neurons,(More)
NRIF (neurotrophin receptor interacting factor) is a ubiquitously expressed zinc finger protein of the Krüppel family which interacts with the neurotrophin receptor p75(NTR). The interaction was first detected in yeast and then biochemically confirmed using recombinant GST-NRIF fusions and p75(NTR) expressed by eukaryotic cells. Transgenic mice carrying a(More)
The neurotrophins nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3 and neurotrophin-4/5 promote the survival of subpopulations of vertebrate neurons in vitro, but so far only nerve growth factor has been demonstrated to be essential for normal neuronal development; no neurotrophin has previously been shown to function in normal glial(More)
We have studied the effects of different neurotrophins on the survival and proliferation of rat cerebellar granule cells in culture. These neurons express trkB and trkC, the putative neuronal receptors for brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) respectively. Binding studies using iodinated BDNF and NT-3 demonstrated that both(More)
The correlation between functional and structural neuronal plasticity is by now well documented. However, the molecular mechanisms translating patterns of neuronal activity into specific changes in the structure of neurons remain unclear. Neurotrophins can be released in an activity-dependent manner, and they are capable of controlling both neuronal(More)
vascular system David von Schack, Elisabeth Casademunt, R diger Schweigreiter , Michael Meyer, Miriam Bibel and Georg Dechant 1 Department of Neurobiochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology, Am Klopferspitz 18a, D-82152 Martinsried, Germany 2 Present address: AGY Therapeutics, 290 Utah Avenue, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA 3 Friedrich(More)
Cholinergic neurons innervating cortical structures are among the most affected neuronal populations in Alzheimer's disease. In rodents, they express high levels of the neurotrophin receptor p75NTR. We have analyzed cholinergic septohippocampal neurons of the medial septal nucleus in p75exonIII (partial p75NTR knock-out) and p75exonIV (complete p75NTR(More)
Previous studies using transfected cells have indicated that the mammalian receptor tyrosine kinase trkB binds the neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3 and neurotrophin-4. However, most studies demonstrating that these neurotrophins prevent the death of embryonic neurons and have specific neuronal receptors have been performed(More)
Little is known how social interaction, if offered as an alternative to drug consumption, affects neural circuits involved in drug reinforcement and substance dependence. Conditioned place preference (CPP) for cocaine (15 mg/kg i.p.) or social interaction (15 minutes) as an alternative stimulus was investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Four social(More)
We identified a population of mature sympathetic neurons in which Ret, the receptor for glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), is coexpressed with the neurotrophin-3 (NT3) receptor TrkC and choline acetyltransferase. In a complementary population the nerve growth factor receptor TrkA is coexpressed with the norepinephrine transporter. In(More)