Learn More
Mild forms of hypothyroidism--subclinical hypothyroidism--have recently been discussed as being a risk factor for the development of overt thyroid dysfunction and for a number of clinical disorders. The diagnosis critically depends on the definition of the upper normal limit of serum TSH as, by definition, free thyroxine serum concentrations are normal.(More)
Sequential cleavage of the precursor protein pre-pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) generates the melanocortin peptides adrenocorticotrophin (ACTH), melanocyte-stimulating hormones (MSH) alpha, beta and gamma as well as the opioid-receptor ligand beta-endorphin. While a few cases of isolated ACTH deficiency have been reported (OMIM 201400), an inherited POMC(More)
OBJECTIVE The syndrome of polycystic ovaries (PCOS) is a known risk factor for type 2 diabetes. It is not known, however, whether the increase in diabetes risk is related to endocrine abnormalities associated with PCOS such as hyperandrogenemia, or whether it is a consequence of the anthropometric or metabolic alterations frequently observed in PCOS women.(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin has been considered a starvation hormone, but its role in malnourished patients is unknown. OBJECTIVE We aimed to characterize the role of leptin in metabolic adaptation in women with anorexia nervosa (AN). DESIGN In a cross-sectional study, 57 women with AN [mean (+/-SD) body mass index (kg/m(2)) on admission: 15.2 +/- 1.5] were(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Ghrelin is a novel endogenous ligand for the growth hormone (GH) secretagogue receptor involved in energy metabolism, glucose homeostasis and food intake. We investigated the role of ghrelin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), the mediator of the GH axis, in patients with chronic liver diseases (CLD). METHODS Ghrelin and IGF-1 serum(More)
In seven hyperinsulinaemic, hypertestosteronaemic premenopausal patients, we tested the effect of an attenuation of insulin serum concentrations by long-term treatment with the enteral disaccharidase inhibitor acarbose on serum concentrations of total and free testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG). The(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate metabolic abnormalities, beta-cell function, lipid profile and vascular risk factors in HIV patients on protease inhibitors (PI). DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional study. METHODS Thirty-eight HIV-1-infected patients receiving at least one PI were compared with 17 PI-naive HIV patients in an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).(More)
The lipodystrophies are a group of disorders characterized by the absence or reduction of subcutaneous adipose tissue. Partial lipodystrophy (PLD; MIM 151660) is an inherited condition in which a regional (trunk and limbs) loss of fat occurs during the peri-pubertal phase. Additionally, variable degrees of resistance to insulin action, together with a(More)
The syndrome of polycystic ovaries (PCOS) is associated with adiposity and metabolic changes predisposing to insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus. Because the recently discovered GH secretagogue, ghrelin, is intimately involved in the control of appetite and weight regulation, we studied ghrelin levels in a group of 26 otherwise healthy women with PCOS.(More)
Insulin resistance is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, and many insights into the functions of insulin have been gained through the study of mice lacking the IR. To gain a better understanding of the role of insulin action in the brain versus peripheral tissues, we created 2 mouse models with inducible IR inactivation, 1 in all tissues including brain(More)