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BACKGROUND Lithium, clinically used in the treatment of bipolar disorders, is well known to induce thyroid growth. However, the mechanism involved is only incompletely characterized. Although it is conventionally believed that thyroid proliferation depends on the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)/cAMP/cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) pathway,(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1a (HIF-1a) is upregulated by hypoxia and oncogenic signalling in many solid tumours. Its regulation and function in thyroid carcinomas are unknown. We evaluated the regulation of HIF-1a and target gene expression in primary thyroid carcinomas and thyroid carcinoma cell lines (BcPAP, WRO, FTC-133 and 8505c). HIF-1a was not(More)
Ret/PTC oncogene has been described with a frequency of 2.5-30% in papillary thyroid carcinomas. We examined the expression of ret/PTC in 99 German papillary thyroid carcinomas, including two recently described new variants of ret/PTC3 and identified eight ret/PTC-positive tumours (8%) but none with the new variants.
Leptin, the protein product of the obese (ob) gene, has been suggested to play a role in the regulation of food intake. As depressive episodes are frequently characterized by loss of appetite, reduced food intake and weight loss, altered leptin secretion might also be expected in patients with depression. Therefore, we examined nocturnal (10.00 p.m. to 7.00(More)
A variety of cell types responds to hormonal stimuli by repetitive spikes in the intracellular concentration of calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) which have been demonstrated to encode information in their frequency, amplitude, and duration. These [Ca(2+)](i)-spike trains are able to specifically regulate distinct cellular functions. Using a mathematical model for(More)
Human thyrotropin (TSH) receptor steady-state transcript levels were analyzed by Northern blot analysis in thyroids of patients with thyroid carcinoma, with hyperfunctioning adenoma and in normal controls. In control tissue and benign tumors expression levels of TSH receptor mRNA were high whereas in anaplastic carcinomas no normal TSH receptor mRNA was(More)
Cognitive effects of experimentally induced hypoglycaemia were investigated by event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in auditory and visual classification tasks. In a cross-over design eight healthy male subjects (age 22-27 years) were studied under control conditions or following administration of 0.15 IU insulin kg-1. The ERPs showed preserved early(More)
The incidence of water and electrolyte disturbances following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is considerable and has been attributed to a dysregulation of the hypothalamic peptide arginine-vasopressin (AVP). Copeptin, the C-terminal part of the AVP prohormone, reflects AVP activity. In 71 TBI patients we measured copeptin in serum by a sandwich immunoassay.(More)
The pulsatile release of neurotransmitters and many hormones might encode specific biological information according to temporal pattern. We tested this hypothesis by applying pulsed alpha 1-adrenoceptor stimulation to single aequorin-injected hepatocytes. The amplitude of free Ca2+ transients induced by rapid phenylephrine pulses (20-s interpulse interval)(More)