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OBJECTIVES Sacral neuromodulation represents chronic stimulation of the sacral (S3) nerve. So far, the mode of action and neuro-anatomical basis is unclear. Sacral reflex mechanisms as well as pontine or cortical centers of modulation have been postulated. Our aim was to evaluate possible alterations in electroencephalogram (EEG) activity as an indicator of(More)
PURPOSE The pathophysiology of post-prostatectomy incontinence is supposed to be multifactorial. The impact of the neurovascular bundles on sphincter function is still under debate. We clarified the impact of cavernous nerves function on the MU. We compared MU pressure responses in male rabbits following electrophysiological stimulation trials on the(More)
PURPOSE Earlier anatomical studies have shown a close connection between the ureterovesical junction and detrusor innervation. It prompted us to develop an animal model to demonstrate the risk of partial or complete impairment of this neuronal connection during antireflux surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Six female Göttinger minipigs were anesthetized and(More)
AIMS Optimal voiding is a crucial issue for patients with neurogenic bladder dysfunctions to prevent long-term damage to the urinary tract. In prior studies, implantable ultrasound (US) sensors have proved an appropriate method of measuring the urinary bladder volume. Their disadvantage is that they tend to dislocate in chronic applications as they are(More)
Over the last few years, sacral neuromodulation has become an established treatment option for dysfunctions of the lower urinary tract. It fills the gap that used to exist between conservative therapy and costly invasive methods such as urinary drainage via a deactivated bowel segment. Initially, the clinical value of sacral neuromodulation was(More)
PURPOSE In this study we rehabilitated external urethral sphincter function by pudendal nerve end-to-end anastomosis after experimental pudendal nerve axotomy in male rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 17 animals were included in this study, including group 1-a control group of 5 (29.4%), group 2-6 (35.3%) and group 3-6 (35.3%). Animals from group(More)
Currently, sacral nerve modulation (SNM) is an effective treatment for overactive bladder symptoms which are refractory to anticholinergic or muscarinergic treatment. However, SNM requires the implantation of stimulation electrodes at the sacral nerves and a subcutaneous impulse generator. The SNM procedure can be divided into three phases: the acute phase(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of Pueraria mirifica on vaginal and urethral cytology, bladder pressure and capacity, residual urine, and leak point pressure in ovariectomized rats. METHODS Seventy-two adult, ovariectomized, female Sprague-Dawley rats were placed into one of four groups: control, estradiol, or 100 or 1,000 mg/kg of Pueraria mirifica(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate methylene blue fiber staining as a method of nerve fiber identification in an animal model, because the maintenance of organ function after surgery depends on exact intraoperative identification of the relevant nerve fibers. METHODS Brindley electrodes were implanted bilaterally at S3 for sacral anterior root stimulation in six(More)
A possible application of cryotechnique might be a selective block of nerve fiber activity during sacral anterior root stimulation to achieve selective block of urethral sphincter and reversible deafferentation. In 13 foxhounds, electrical stimulation of sacral anterior roots S2 was performed while the accompanying spinal nerves were simultaneously cooled(More)
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