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Marie Unna congenital hypotrichosis (MUCH) is a rare autosomal dominant condition in which abnormalities are confined to hair shaft structure and hair density. We report a six-generation pedigree consisting of 59 members of whom 16 are affected; nine identified affected individuals are living. Affected individuals are born with adequate, normal to coarse(More)
MOTIVATION Network-centered studies in systems biology attempt to integrate the topological properties of biological networks with experimental data in order to make predictions and posit hypotheses. For any topology-based prediction, it is necessary to first assess the significance of the analyzed property in a biologically meaningful context. Therefore,(More)
For omics experiments, detailed characterisation of experimental material with respect to its genetic features, its cultivation history and its treatment history is a requirement for analyses by bioinformatics tools and for publication needs. Furthermore, meta-analysis of several experiments in systems biology based approaches make it necessary to store(More)
Studies of genome-scale metabolic networks allow for qualitative and quantitative descriptions of an organism's capability to convert nutrients into products. The set of synthesizable products strongly depends on the provided nutrients as well as on the structure of the metabolic network. Here, we apply the method of network expansion and the concept of(More)
Complex networks have been successfully employed to represent different levels of biological systems, ranging from gene regulation to protein-protein interactions and metabolism. Network-based research has mainly focused on identifying unifying structural properties, such as small average path length, large clustering coefficient, heavy-tail degree(More)
SUMMARY Analysis of biological networks requires assessing the statistical significance of network-based predictions by using a realistic null model. However, the existing network null model, switch randomization, is unsuitable for metabolic networks, as it does not include physical constraints and generates unrealistic reactions. We present JMassBalance, a(More)
MOTIVATION Metabolic engineering aims at modulating the capabilities of metabolic networks by changing the activity of biochemical reactions. The existing constraint-based approaches for metabolic engineering have proven useful, but are limited only to reactions catalogued in various pathway databases. RESULTS We consider the alternative of designing(More)
BACKGROUND Reconstruction of genome-scale metabolic networks has resulted in models capable of reproducing experimentally observed biomass yield/growth rates and predicting the effect of alterations in metabolism for biotechnological applications. The existing studies rely on modifying the metabolic network of an investigated organism by removing or(More)
Recent analyses have demonstrated that plant metabolic networks do not differ in their structural properties and that genes involved in basic metabolic processes show smaller coexpression than genes involved in specialized metabolism. By contrast, our analysis reveals differences in the structure of plant metabolic networks and patterns of coexpression for(More)
In this chapter, we describe the application of constraint-based modeling to predict the impact of gene deletions on a metabolic phenotype. The metabolic reactions taking place inside cells form large networks, which have been reconstructed at a genome-scale for several organisms at increasing levels of detail. By integrating mathematical modeling(More)