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BACKGROUND Women with the polycystic ovary syndrome have insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia, possibly because of a deficiency of a D-chiro-inositol-containing phosphoglycan that mediates the action of insulin. We hypothesized that the administration of D-chiro-inositol would replenish stores of the mediator and improve insulin sensitivity. METHODS We(More)
Membrane lipid-derived second messengers are generated by phospholipase A2 (PLA2) during synaptic activity. Overstimulation of this enzyme during neurotrauma results in the accumulation of bioactive metabolites such as arachidonic acid, oxygenated derivatives of arachidonic acid, and platelet-activating factor (PAF). Several of these bioactive lipids(More)
BW A575C (N-(1-(S)-carboxy-5-[4(3-isopropylamino-2-(R, S)-hydroxypropoxy)indole-2- carboxamido]pentyl)-(R, S)-alanyl-(S)-proline) is a chemically novel agent which exhibits in a single molecule both angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition and beta-adrenoceptor-blocking properties. BW A575C produced a competitive blockade of heart rate responses to(More)
  • G Allan, R Levi
  • 1980
The cardiac actions of a number of prostaglandins and their modification by the prostaglandin antagonist sodium p-benzyl-4-[1-oxo-2-(4-chlorobenzyl)-3-phenyl propyl]phenyl phosphonate (N-0164) was studied in the isolated guinea-pig heart. Arachidonic acid, prostaglandin (PG)E2 (0.01--1 micrograms) and prostacyclin (0.01--10 micrograms), administered by(More)
  • G Allan, R Levi
  • 1981
Cardiac immediate hypersensitivity reactions in vitro are characterized by tachycardia, arrhythmias and coronary constriction. Whereas endogenous cardiac histamine release is responsible for the generation of arrhythmias, metabolites of arachidonic acid mediate the fall in coronary flow. In the present study, we have shown that antigenic challenge of(More)
To further characterize the receptor mediating histamine-induced impairment of atrioventricular conduction, the effects of two selective histamine H1-receptor agonists, 2-(2-pyridyl)-ethylamine (PEA) and 2-(2-thiazolyl)-ethylamine (ThEA), were investigated using the isolated guinea pig heart. These effects were compared with those of histamine and other(More)
1 Burimamide selectively inhibited the formation of thromboxane A2 from prostaglandin endoperoxides by human platelet microsomes in a dose-dependent manner (IC50 = 2.5 x 10(-5) M). Burimamide was found to be equipotent to imidazole as a thromboxane synthetase inhibitor. 2 Metiamide, cimetidine and a series of compounds either bearing a structural or(More)