Geoffroy Bélanger

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Conjugation of compounds by glucuronidation is a pathway found in all vertebrates studied to date. Although, it is widely recognized that the liver is a major site of glucuronidation, it is now clear that extrahepatic tissues are also involved in the conjugation of compounds to which these tissues are exposed. High levels of androsterone glucuronide and(More)
In Rhodospirillum rubrum, the genes coding for the alpha and beta polypeptides of the B880 antenna (pufA,B) and the L and M polypeptides of the photoreaction center (pufL,M) are clustered on operon puf. In oxygen-limited cells, the puf mRNA is present as species of 2561, 640, and 617 nucleotides. Aerated cells contain only traces of these mRNAs. The large(More)
In Rhodospirillum rubrum, pufL, and pufM, the structural genes coding for the photoreaction center L and M polypeptides, are comprised respectively of 831 and 921 nucleotides. They are separated by a stretch of 12 nucleotides between the TAA stop codon of pufL and the first base of the ATG initiation codon of pufM. The predicted amino acid sequence of the L(More)
Uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are important phase II detoxification enzymes. Despite the expression of UGT proteins in many species, previous results have suggested that simians represent the most appropriate animal model to study the glucuronidation of steroids in extrahepatic steroid target tissues. Northern blot analysis using a(More)
Although enzymatic processes involved in the formation of active steroids are well known, less information is available about the enzymes responsible for the metabolism of these hormones. Moreover, the expression of these catabolic enzymes, which include UDP-glucuronosyltransferases, may play a role in the regulation of the level and action of steroid(More)
Restriction fragments of genomic Rhodospirillum rubrum DNA were selected according to size by electrophoresis followed by hybridization with [32P]mRNA encoding the two B880 holochrome polypeptides. The fragments were cloned into Escherchia coli C600 with plasmid pBR327 as a vector. The clones were selected by colony hybridization with 32P-holochrome-mRNA(More)
Ribosomes from Physarum polycephalum were purified. Optimal conditions for preparation and stability of subunits were determined. KCl concentration above 200 mM induced protein dissociation from the subunits. It was observed that dissociated ribosomes were more stable in a low ionic strength buffer than in 200 mM KCl, where the 40 S was preferentially(More)
The impact of 17beta-estradiol and antiestrogens on uterine cancer cells is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of 17beta-estradiol, 4-hydroxytamoxifen, raloxifene and ICI 182 780 on the cell proliferation of six uterine cancer cell lines: HeLa, HEC-1-A, KLE, RL-95-2, Ishikawa and EN-1078D. The effects of these compounds on(More)
The UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.17) enzymes transform many lipophilic compounds to more water-soluble products via conjugation with glucuronic acid. This conversion is responsible for enhancing the excretion of endogenous aglycones such as steroids. To date, several distinct isoforms of steroid UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) have been(More)