Geoffrey William Hanlon

Learn More
To cause an infection, bacteriophages must penetrate the alginate exopolysaccharide of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to reach the bacterial surface. Despite a lack of intrinsic motility, phage were shown to diffuse through alginate gels at alginate concentrations up to 8% (wt/vol) and to bring about a 2-log reduction in the cell numbers in 20-day-old biofilms of(More)
Bacteriophages were first used successfully to treat bacterial infections a decade before penicillin was discovered. However, the excitement that greeted those initial successes was short-lived, as a lack of understanding of basic phage biology subsequently led to a catalogue of clinical failures. As a consequence, bacteriophage therapy was largely(More)
The occurrence and diversity of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in wastewaters from the Brighton and Hove area of south-east England were investigated. VRE were recovered from 71% of raw urban wastewater samples, 22% of treated urban wastewater samples, 15% of hospital wastewater sample and 33% of farm wastewater samples. Two hundred and eighty-eight(More)
The presence of Legionella spp. in potable water systems is a major concern to municipal water providers and consumers alike. Despite the inclusion of chlorine in potable supplies and frequent chlorination cycles, the bacterium is a recalcitrant human pathogen capable of causing incidents of Legionnaires' disease, Pontiac fever and community-acquired(More)
AIMS To examine the effect on the leakage of low molecular weight cytoplasmic constituents from Staphylococcus aureus using phenolics singly and in combination, and to see if the observations could be modelled using a non-linear dose response. METHODS AND RESULTS The rate of potassium, phosphate and adenosine triphosphate leakage was examined in the(More)
Proteus mirabilis is a common cause of catheter-associated urinary tract infections and frequently leads to blockage of catheters due to crystalline biofilm formation. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has proven to be a valuable tool in the study of these unusual biofilms, but entails laborious sample preparation that can introduce artefacts, undermining(More)
Major challenges associated with nano-sized drug delivery systems include removal from systemic circulation by phagocytic cells and controlling appropriate drug release at target sites. 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) has been copolymerised in turn with two pH responsive comonomers (2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DEA) and(More)
AIMS To develop a novel, rapid method for testing the ability of quenching agents to neutralize disinfectants. METHODS AND RESULTS Tests were performed to determine the suitability of different neutralizers for a range of disinfectants, using a new method based on the Bioscreen optical density analyser. Results showed that during disinfection tests,(More)
There is no clear consensus regarding the effect of biocide tolerance on antibiotic susceptibility. In this work, triclosan-tolerant strains of Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Acinetobacter johnsonii were compared with sensitive strains in order to ascertain their susceptibility to a range of antibiotics. The minimum inhibitory concentrations of(More)
The effect of air flow rate on the deposition of inhalation aerosol particles in a modified 'Kirk Lung' has been studied. Two commercial products were used. The amount depositied in the mouthpiece and throat regions decreases with increasing flow rate. The amount in the collector rises to maximum of approximately 50%. This material represents the(More)