Geoffrey Wainwright

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Current evidence indicates that methyl farnesoate is the crustacean equivalent of the juvenile hormones of insects. This putative hormone is produced by the mandibular organs and is negatively regulated by a neuropeptide produced and secreted by the X-organ-sinus gland complex of the eyestalk. To identify this neuropeptide, a bioassay was developed which(More)
Synthesis of ecdysteroids (molting hormones) by crustacean Y-organs is regulated by a neuropeptide, molt-inhibiting hormone (MIH), produced in eyestalk neural ganglia. We report here the molecular cloning of a cDNA encoding MIH of the edible crab, Cancer pagurus. Full-length MIH cDNA was obtained by using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(More)
Development and reproduction of crustaceans is regulated by a combination of neuropeptide hormones, ecdysteroids (moulting hormones) and the isoprenoid, methyl farnesoate (MF), the unepoxidised analogue of insect juvenile hormone-III (JH-III). MF and the ecdysteroids are respectively synthesised under the negative control of the sinus gland-derived(More)
The neuropeptide mandibular organ (MO)-inhibiting hormone (MO-IH), synthesized and secreted from the X-organ-sinus-gland complex of the eyestalk, regulates the biosynthesis of the putative crustacean juvenile hormone, methyl farnesoate (MF). Using radiolabelled acetate as a precursor for isoprenoid biosynthesis, farnesoic acid (FA), farnesol, farnesal, MF(More)
The juvenoid, methyl farnesoate (MF), is synthesized in the mandibular organs (MOs) of crustaceans, under the control of mandibular organ-inhibiting hormone (MO-IH). Using an in vitro assay to measure synthesis of MF by MOs, the effect of a variety of agents that affect signal transduction pathways was investigated. Of the compounds tested, only agents(More)
Previous investigations have shown that insect juvenile hormone (JH) and its analogues induce precocious metamorphosis of barnacle cypris larvae. In the present study, methyl farnesoate (MF; structurally identical to JH III, except for the absence of an epoxide group) has been shown to have a concentration-dependent effect on the development of cyprids of(More)
Methyl farnesoate, the crustacean juvenoid, is synthesized and secreted from the mandibular organs of crustaceans under the negative control of the sinus gland-derived mandibular organ-inhibiting hormone (MO-IH). Previously we isolated and sequenced two isoforms, MO-IH-1 and MO-IH-2, differing by just one amino acid, from sinus glands of the edible crab,(More)
Farnesoic acid methyl transferase (FAMTase) catalyzes methylation of farnesoic acid to yield the crustacean juvenoid, methyl farnesoate (MF). A full-length cDNA encoding a 275 amino acid putative FAMTase has been isolated from the mandibular organ of the female edible crab (Cancer pagurus) by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction in conjunction(More)
Considerable evidence indicates that methyl farnesoate (MF) production by the crustacean mandibular organs is negatively regulated by neuropeptides from the sinus gland (SG) in the eyestalk. In the crab Cancer pagurus, two neuropeptides (MO-IH-1 and -2) have been isolated from the SG that inhibit MF synthesis by mandibular organs of female crabs in vitro.(More)
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