Geoffrey W. Turner

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Much of natural product chemistry concerns a group of compounds known as secondary metabolites. These low-molecular-weight metabolites often have potent physiological activities. Digitalis, morphine and quinine are plant secondary metabolites, whereas penicillin, cephalosporin, ergotrate and the statins are equally well known fungal secondary metabolites.(More)
The filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger is widely exploited by the fermentation industry for the production of enzymes and organic acids, particularly citric acid. We sequenced the 33.9-megabase genome of A. niger CBS 513.88, the ancestor of currently used enzyme production strains. A high level of synteny was observed with other aspergilli sequenced.(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus is exceptional among microorganisms in being both a primary and opportunistic pathogen as well as a major allergen. Its conidia production is prolific, and so human respiratory tract exposure is almost constant. A. fumigatus is isolated from human habitats and vegetable compost heaps. In immunocompromised individuals, the incidence of(More)
Expression of the Aspergillus nidulans penicillin biosynthesis genes acvA and ipnA, encoding delta-(L-alpha-aminoadipyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthetase and isopenicillin N synthetase, respectively, was analyzed. The intergenic region carrying the divergently oriented promoters was fused in frame in both orientations to Escherichia coli lacZ and E. coli(More)
Human endogenous retrovirus K (HERV-K) is distinctive among the retroviruses in the human genome in that many HERV-K proviruses were inserted into the human germline after the human and chimpanzee lineages evolutionarily diverged [1, 2]. However, all full-length endogenous retroviruses described to date in humans are sufficiently old that all humans(More)
BACKGROUND Endogenous retroviruses contribute to the evolution of the host genome and can be associated with disease. Human endogenous retrovirus K (HERV-K) is related to the mouse mammary tumor virus and is present in the genomes of humans, apes and cercopithecoids (Old World monkeys). It is unknown how long ago in primate evolution the full-length HERV-K(More)
We have used monolayers of control 3T3 cells and 3T3 cells expressing transfected human L1 as a culture substrate for rat PC12 cells and rat cerebellar neurons. PC12 cells and cerebellar neurons extended longer neurites on human L1 expressing cells. Neurons isolated from the cerebellum at postnatal day 9 responded equally as well as those isolated at(More)
Several commercially improved strains of Penicillium chrysogenum have been shown to carry amplifications of the entire penicillin biosynthesis gene cluster. Analysis previously carried out using the strain BW 1890 has here been extended to the characterisation of other members of the SmithKline Beecham strain improvement series. We have determined the(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus causes invasive aspergillosis, a mycosis that is usually fatal in immunocompromised patients. Functional genomics in this fungus will aid the discovery of novel antifungal drugs to treat invasive aspergillosis. However, there is still a need for appropriate molecular genetic tools to facilitate such functional studies. Here, we(More)
The Aspergillus nidulans acuH gene, required for growth on acetate and long-chain fatty acids, was cloned by complementation of the acuH13 mutation. Northern blotting analysis showed that transcription of the acuH gene occurs in acetate-grown mycelium and at higher levels in oleate-grown mycelium, but not during growth on glucose minimal medium. The acuH(More)