Geoffrey Stemp

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dopamine D3 receptor is preferentially localized to the mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic system and has been hypothesized to play a role in cocaine addiction. To study the involvement of the D3 receptor in brain mechanisms and behaviors commonly assumed to be involved in the addicting properties of cocaine, the potent and selective D3 receptor antagonist(More)
Small molecule antagonists of the vanilloid receptor TRPV1 (also known as VR1) are disclosed. Pyrrolidinyl ureas such as 8 and 15 (SB-705498) emerged as lead compounds following optimisation of the previously described urea SB-452533. Pharmacological studies using electrophysiological and FLIPR-Ca2+-based assays showed that compounds such as 8 and 15 were(More)
The hypothalamic peptides orexin-A and orexin-B are potent agonists of two G-protein coupled receptors, namely the OX(1) and the OX(2) receptor. These receptors are widely distributed, though differentially, in the rat brain. In particular, the OX(1) receptor is highly expressed throughout the hypothalamus, whilst the OX(2) receptor is mainly located in the(More)
Starting from the potent and selective but poorly brain penetrant 5-HT6 receptor antagonist SB-271046, a successful strategy for improving brain penetration was adopted involving conformational constraint with concomitant reduction in hydrogen bond count. This provided a series of bicyclic heteroarylpiperazines with high 5-HT6 receptor affinity.(More)
6-Phenylnicotinamide (2) was previously identified as a potent TRPV1 antagonist with activity in an in vivo model of inflammatory pain. Optimization of this lead through modification of both the biaryl and heteroaryl components has resulted in the discovery of 6-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-N-(2-methylbenzothiazol-5-yl)nicotinamide (32; SB-782443) which(More)
Optimisation of urea (5), identified from high throughput screening and subsequent array chemistry, has resulted in the identification of pyridine carboxamide (33) which is a potent motilin receptor agonist possessing favourable physicochemical and ADME profiles. Compound (33) has demonstrated prokinetic-like activity both in vitro and in vivo in the rabbit(More)
Loxtidine, a potent, non-competitive histamine H2-receptor antagonist was evaluated for genotoxic potential using a range of short-term mutagenicity assays. Unequivocally negative results were obtained in a Salmonella/plate incorporation assay and a liquid pre-incubation assay (using S. typhimurium strains TA1535, TA100, TA1537, TA1538 and TA98), a(More)
The oxidation of a range of cyclic allylic alcohols and amides with OsO4/TMEDA is presented. Under these conditions, hydrogen bonding control leads to the (contrasteric) formation of the syn isomer in almost every example that was examined. Evidence for the bidentate binding of TMEDA to OsO4 is presented and a plausible mechanism described.
N-(3-fluorophenyl)-1-[(4-([(3S)-3-methyl-1-piperazinyl]methyl)phenyl)acetyl]-4-piperidinamine 12 (GSK962040) is a novel small molecule motilin receptor agonist. It possesses excellent activity at the recombinant human motilin receptor and also at the native rabbit motilin receptor where its agonist activity results in potentiation of the amplitude of(More)
Chromosome aberrations induced by daunomycin, a widely used positive control compound for in vitro cytogenetics assays, were identified by multi-colour fluorescence in situ hybridization with probes for chromosomes 1, 2 and 3. The frequency and distribution of aberration types were compared to conventional metaphase analysis of Giemsastained chromosomes(More)