dopamine D3 receptor is preferentially localized to the mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic system and has been hypothesized to play a role in cocaine addiction. To study the involvement of the D3 receptor in brain mechanisms and behaviors commonly assumed to be involved in the addicting properties of cocaine, the potent and selective D3 receptor antagonist… (More)
SB-277011-A (trans-N-[4-[2-(6-cyano-1,2,3, 4-tetrahydroisoquinolin-2-yl)ethyl]cyclohexyl]-4-quinolininecarboxamide), is a brain-penetrant, high-affinity, and selective dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist. Radioligand-binding experiments in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with human dopamine D(3) or D(2 long) (hD(3), hD(2)) receptors showed… (More)
The hypothalamic peptides orexin-A and orexin-B are potent agonists of two G-protein coupled receptors, namely the OX(1) and the OX(2) receptor. These receptors are widely distributed, though differentially, in the rat brain. In particular, the OX(1) receptor is highly expressed throughout the hypothalamus, whilst the OX(2) receptor is mainly located in the… (More)
This study examined the effect of acute and repeated p.o. administration of the selective D(3) receptor antagonist SmithKline Beecham (SB)-277011-A (1, 3, or 10 mg/kg) on the activity of spontaneously active midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons in anesthetized, male Sprague-Dawley rats. This was accomplished with the technique of in vivo extracellular single-unit… (More)
At their clinical doses, current antipsychotic agents share the property of both dopamine D(2) and D(3) receptor blockade. However, a major disadvantage of many current medications are the observed extrapyramidal side-effects (EPS), postulated to arise from D(2) receptor antagonism. Consequently, a selective dopamine D(3) receptor antagonist could offer an… (More)
This study characterized pharmacologically the functional responses to agonists at human dopamine D2(long) (hD2), D3 (hD3) and D4.4 (hD4) receptors separately expressed in cloned cells using the cytosensor microphysiometer. Dopaminergic receptor agonists caused increases in extracellular acidification rate in adherent Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) clones… (More)
Starting from the dopamine D3 receptor antagonist SB-277011 1, a series of 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-3-benzazepines has been identified with high affinity for the dopamine D3 receptor and selectivity over the D2 receptor. The 3-acetamido-2-fluorocinnamide derivative 20 gave high D3 receptor affinity (pKi 8.4) with 130-fold selectivity over the 2, receptor.