Learn More
dopamine D3 receptor is preferentially localized to the mesocorticolimbic dopaminergic system and has been hypothesized to play a role in cocaine addiction. To study the involvement of the D3 receptor in brain mechanisms and behaviors commonly assumed to be involved in the addicting properties of cocaine, the potent and selective D3 receptor antagonist(More)
The hypothalamic peptides orexin-A and orexin-B are potent agonists of two G-protein coupled receptors, namely the OX(1) and the OX(2) receptor. These receptors are widely distributed, though differentially, in the rat brain. In particular, the OX(1) receptor is highly expressed throughout the hypothalamus, whilst the OX(2) receptor is mainly located in the(More)
6-Phenylnicotinamide (2) was previously identified as a potent TRPV1 antagonist with activity in an in vivo model of inflammatory pain. Optimization of this lead through modification of both the biaryl and heteroaryl components has resulted in the discovery of 6-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-N-(2-methylbenzothiazol-5-yl)nicotinamide (32; SB-782443) which(More)
This paper describes the discovery of non-peptidic, potent, and selective hydroxy ethylamine (HEA) inhibitors of BACE-1 by replacement of the prime side of a lead di-amide 2. Inhibitors with nanosmolar potency and high selectivity were identified. Depending on the nature of the P(1)(') and P(2)(') substituents, two different binding modes were observed in(More)
Inhibition of the aspartyl protease BACE-1 has the potential to deliver a disease-modifying therapy for Alzheimer's disease. Herein, is described the lead generation effort which resulted, with the support of X-ray crystallography, in the discovery of potent inhibitors based on a hydroxy ethylamine (HEA) transition-state mimetic. These inhibitors were(More)
Chromosome aberrations induced by daunomycin, a widely used positive control compound for in vitro cytogenetics assays, were identified by multi-colour fluorescence in situ hybridization with probes for chromosomes 1, 2 and 3. The frequency and distribution of aberration types were compared to conventional metaphase analysis of Giemsastained chromosomes(More)
Small molecule antagonists of the vanilloid receptor TRPV1 (also known as VR1) are disclosed. Pyrrolidinyl ureas such as 8 and 15 (SB-705498) emerged as lead compounds following optimisation of the previously described urea SB-452533. Pharmacological studies using electrophysiological and FLIPR-Ca2+-based assays showed that compounds such as 8 and 15 were(More)
Loxtidine, a potent, non-competitive histamine H2-receptor antagonist was evaluated for genotoxic potential using a range of short-term mutagenicity assays. Unequivocally negative results were obtained in a Salmonella/plate incorporation assay and a liquid pre-incubation assay (using S. typhimurium strains TA1535, TA100, TA1537, TA1538 and TA98), a(More)
Starting from the high throughput screening hit (3), novel N-tetrahydroquinolinyl, N-quinolinyl and N-isoquinolinyl carboxamides have been identified as potent antagonists of the ion channel TRPV1. The N-quinolinylnicotinamide (46) showed excellent potency at human, guinea pig and rat TRPV1, a favourable in vitro DMPK profile and activity in an in vivo(More)
This article is focusing on further optimization of previously described hydroxy ethylamine (HEA) BACE-1 inhibitors obtained from a focused library with the support of X-ray crystallography. Optimization of the non-prime side of our inhibitors and introduction of a 6-membered sultam substituent binding to Asn-294 as well as a fluorine in the C-2 position(More)