Learn More
Over the past 10–20 years, there has been increasing interest in grammatical / syntactic annotation schemes for corpora. Annotated corpora are essential for training and testing taggers and parsers, for describing the use of lexical and grammatical features, and for comprehensive analyses of registers or sublanguages. Several annotation schemes have been(More)
This article examines a type of argument for linguistic nativism that takes the following form: (i) a fact about some natural language is exhibited that allegedly could not be learned from experience without access to a certain kind of (positive) data; (ii) it is claimed that data of the type in question are not found in normal linguistic experience; hence(More)
especially that of Haber, did not accept Dretske's attempted analogies to the metrics of Shannon and Weaver. The notion of "information pickup" implies a pre-established harmony of the world and the mind, disregarding the well-known arbitrariness of language. 5. While Fodor (1986) does gives a cogent criticism of attempts to locate information "in the(More)
As automatic natural language processing (NLP) moves out of the era of toy pilot projects and begins to grapple with real-life language in all its complexity, it needs access to quantities of information about individual lexical items. The only plausible source of such information lies in machine readable versions of ordinary published dictionaries;(More)
Ackley et al. 1985) is a stochastic computational technique for finding optimal solutions to combinatorial problems for which the combinatorial explosion phenomenon rules out the possibility of systematically examining each alternative. It is currently being applied to the practical problem of optimizing the physical design of computer circuitry, and to the(More)
The task of producing consistent, comprehensive structural annotations for real-life written and spoken usage teaches lessons that run counter to some of the assumptions of recent linguistics. It is not easy to believe that a natural language is a well-defined system, or that questions about the analysis of particular turs of phrase always have " right(More)