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  • Va Dod, David Cifu, Amy Bowles, Robin Hurley, Douglas Cooper, Michelle Peterson +34 others
  • 2009
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and The Department of Defense (DoD) guidelines are based on the best information available at the time of publication. They are designed to provide information and assist in decision-making. They are not intended to define a standard of care and should not be construed as one. In addition, they should not be(More)
Explosive blast traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the more serious wounds suffered by United States service members injured in the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Some military medical treatments for blast TBI that have been introduced successfully in the war theater include decompressive craniectomy, cerebral angiography, transcranial(More)
Explosive blast has been extensively used as a tactical weapon in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and more recently in Operation Enduring Freedom(OEF). The polytraumatic nature of blast injuries is evidence of their effectiveness,and brain injury is a frequent and debilitating form of this trauma. In-theater clinical observations of brain-injured casualties(More)
PURPOSE Up to 19% of veterans returning from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have a history of mild traumatic brain injury with 70% associated with blast exposure. Tragically, 20-50% of this group reports persistent symptoms, including memory loss. Unfortunately, routine clinical imaging is typically normal, making diagnosis and clinical management(More)
Pretreating rats 24 hr earlier with naloxonazine (10 mg/kg i.v.) virtually eliminates the analgesic response observed with morphine at 3.5 mg/kg (i.v.) and significantly reduces the elevation in tail-flick latencies seen with higher morphine doses. Full dose-response curves show a 4-fold shift to the right (P less than .001) following naloxonazine(More)
Mild traumatic brain injury resulting from exposure to an explosive blast is associated with significant neurobehavioral outcomes in soldiers. Little is known about the neuropathologic consequences of such an insult to the human brain. This study is an attempt to understand the effects of an explosive blast in a large animal gyrencephalic brain blast injury(More)
OBJECTIVE Blast-related neurotrauma is associated with the severest casualties from Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). A consequence of this is cerebral vasospasm. This study evaluated all inpatient neurosurgical consults related to battle injury from OIF. METHODS Evaluation of all admissions from OIF from April 2003 to October 2005 was performed on patients(More)
Cerebral edema (CE) is a frequent and potentially lethal consequence of various neurotraumas, including penetrating brain injury (PBI). Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) water channel is predominantly expressed by astrocytes and plays an important role in regulating water balance in the normal and injured brain. Using a rat model of PBI, we show that AQP4 immunoreactivity(More)
Naloxonazine is a relatively selective mu 1 affinity label in binding studies. Like naloxazone, naloxonazine has proven valuable in vivo in establishing a role for mu 1 sites in specific opiate actions. We now report a detailed characterization of naloxonazine's actions in mice and rats. Naloxonazine antagonized morphine analgesia for greater than 24 h(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) due to explosive blast exposure is a leading combat casualty. It is also implicated as a key contributor to war related mental health diseases. A clinically important consequence of all types of TBI is a high risk for development of seizures and epilepsy. Seizures have been reported in patients who have suffered blast injuries(More)