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The Tol system is a five-protein assembly parasitized by colicins and bacteriophages that helps stabilize the Gram-negative outer membrane (OM). We show that allosteric signalling through the six-bladed beta-propeller protein TolB is central to Tol function in Escherichia coli and that this is subverted by colicins such as ColE9 to initiate their OM(More)
BdbD is a thiol:disulfide oxidoreductase (TDOR) from Bacillus subtilis that functions to introduce disulfide bonds in substrate proteins/peptides on the outside of the cytoplasmic membrane and, as such, plays a key role in disulfide bond management. Here we demonstrate that the protein is membrane-associated in B. subtilis and present the crystal structure(More)
The iron-containing bacterioferritins contain the protoporphyrin IX haem group. It has been established that Escherichia coli cytochrome b1, cytochrome b557 and bacterioferritin are identical. The optical spectra at room temperature of the haem group show it to be predominantly low-spin in both the ferrous and ferric states. The nature of the axial ligands(More)
SGT1 (for suppressor of G2 allele of skp1) and RAR1 (for required for Mla12 resistance) are highly conserved eukaryotic proteins that interact with the molecular chaperone HSP90 (for heat shock protein90). In plants, SGT1, RAR1, and HSP90 are essential for disease resistance triggered by a number of resistance (R) proteins. Here, we present structural and(More)
Nuclease colicins bind their target receptor in the outer membrane of sensitive cells in the form of a high affinity complex with their cognate immunity proteins. Upon cell entry the immunity protein is lost from the complex by means that are poorly understood. We have developed a sensitive fluorescence assay that has enabled us to study the molecular(More)
Significant progress has been made in recent years toward understanding the processes by which an iron mineral is deposited within members of the ferritin family of 24mer iron storage proteins, enabled by high-resolution structures together with spectroscopic and kinetic studies. These suggest common characteristics that are shared between ferritins,(More)
The bacterioferritin (BFR) of Escherichia coli is a heme-containing iron storage molecule. It is composed of 24 identical subunits, which form a roughly spherical protein shell surrounding a central iron storage cavity. Each of the 12 heme moieties of BFR possesses bis-methionine axial ligation, a heme coordination scheme so far only found in(More)
Previous work shows that the transiently populated, on-pathway intermediate in Im7 folding contains three of the four native alpha-helices docked around a core stabilised by native and non-native interactions. To determine the structure and dynamic properties of this species in more detail, we have used protein engineering to trap the intermediate at(More)
The small (87-residue) alpha-helical protein Im7 (an inhibitor protein for colicin E7 that provides immunity to cells producing colicin E7) folds via a three-state mechanism involving an on-pathway intermediate. This kinetic intermediate contains three of four native helices that are oriented in a non-native manner so as to minimise exposed hydrophobic(More)
The functional properties of the recombinant C-terminal dimerization domain of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa Fur (ferric uptake regulator) protein expressed in and purified from Escherichia coli have been evaluated. Sedimentation velocity measurements demonstrate that this domain is dimeric, and the UV CD spectrum is consistent with a secondary structure(More)