Geoffrey N. Hendy

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OBJECTIVE Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) is an autosomal dominant disorder. The 3 recognized subtypes include MEN 2A, characterized by medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma (pheo), and hyperparathyroidism (HPT); MEN 2B, by MTC, pheo, and characteristic stigmata; and familial MTC (FMTC), by the presence of MTC only. The purpose of(More)
Neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism is a rare life-threatening disorder characterized by very high serum calcium concentrations (> 15 mg/dl). Many cases have occurred in families with familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, a benign condition transmitted as a dominant trait. Among several hypothesized relationships between the two syndromes is the suggestion(More)
Antidiuretic hormone (arginine vasopressin) binds to and activates V2 receptors in renal collecting tubule cells. Subsequent stimulation of the Gs/adenylyl cyclase system promotes insertion of water pores into the luminal membrane and thereby reabsorption of fluid. In congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (CNDI), an X-linked recessive disorder, the(More)
Chromogranin A (CgA), originally identified in adrenal chromaffin cells, is a member of the granin family of acidic secretory glycoproteins that are expressed in endocrine cells and neurons. CgA has been proposed to play multiple roles in the secretory process. Intracellularly, CgA may control secretory granule biogenesis and target neurotransmitters and(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by endocrine tumors of parathyroids, pancreatic islets, and anterior pituitary. The MEN1 gene encodes a nuclear protein called menin. In MEN1 carriers inactivating mutations give rise to a truncated product consistent with menin acting as a tumor suppressor gene.(More)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) is a plasma membrane G protein coupled receptor that is expressed in the parathyroid hormone (PTH) producing chief cells of the parathyroid gland and the cells lining the kidney tubule. By virtue of its ability to sense small changes in circulating calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](o)) and to couple this information to(More)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) is expressed in parathyroid hormone (PTH)-secreting cells of the parathyroid gland and cells lining the renal tubule. The activated CASR modulates intracellular signaling pathways altering PTH secretion and renal cation and water handling. Inherited abnormalities of the CASR gene give rise to a variety of disorders of(More)
X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is a rare disease with defective renal and extrarenal arginine vasopressin V2 receptor responses due to mutations in the AVPR2 gene in Xq28. To study the cause of loss of function of mutant V2 receptors, we expressed 12 mutations (N55H, L59P, L83Q, V88M, 497CC-->GG, deltaR202, I209F, 700delC, 908insT, A294P,(More)
BACKGROUND The regulation of extracellular calcium concentration by parathyroid hormone is mediated by a calcium-sensing, G-protein-coupled cell-surface receptor (CASR). Mutations of the CASR gene alter the set-point for extracellular ionised calcium [Ca2+]o and cause familial hypercalcaemia or hypocalcaemia. The CASR missense polymorphism, A986S, is common(More)
The PTH/PTHrP receptor (PTHR1) plays an essential role in skeletal development and mediates many other functions of PTH and PTHrP. Human PTHR1 gene transcription is controlled by three promoters, P1-P3. The most proximal promoter, P3, is active in bone and osteoblast-like cell lines and accounts for the majority of renal transcripts in adults. We have(More)