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Recent studies show that the human parathyroid calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) is expressed in human colon epithelium and functions to regulate epithelial proliferation and differentiation. In this study, we show that the cells of the colon crypt acquire CaSR expression as they differentiate and migrate towards the apex of the crypt. CaSR expression was(More)
Recent studies show that the human parathyroid calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) is expressed in human colon epithe-lium and functions to regulate epithelial proliferation and differentiation. In this study, we show that the cells of the colon crypt acquire CaSR expression as they differentiate and migrate towards the apex of the crypt. CaSR expression was(More)
Antidiuretic hormone (arginine vasopressin) binds to and activates V2 receptors in renal collecting tubule cells. Subsequent stimulation of the Gs/adenylyl cyclase system promotes insertion of water pores into the luminal membrane and thereby reabsorption of fluid. In congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (CNDI), an X-linked recessive disorder, the(More)
Targeted deletion of genes encoding the 1,25-dihydroxyVitamin D [1,25(OH)(2)D]-synthesizing enzyme, 25 hydroxyVitamin D-1alpha-hydroxylase [1alpha(OH)ase or CYP27B1], and of the nuclear receptor for 1,25(OH)(2)D, the Vitamin D receptor (VDR), have provided useful mouse models of the inherited human diseases, Vitamin D-dependent rickets types I and II. We(More)
BACKGROUND The regulation of extracellular calcium concentration by parathyroid hormone is mediated by a calcium-sensing, G-protein-coupled cell-surface receptor (CASR). Mutations of the CASR gene alter the set-point for extracellular ionised calcium [Ca2+]o and cause familial hypercalcaemia or hypocalcaemia. The CASR missense polymorphism, A986S, is common(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), which is responsible for producing hypercalcemia in patients with humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy, has recently been identified in several normal tissues. Because PTHrP, like parathyroid hormone (PTH), is known to exhibit vasodilatory properties, we investigated the expression and regulation of PTHrP mRNA in(More)
Calcium-sensing receptor (CASR), expressed in parathyroid gland and kidney, is a critical regulator of extracellular calcium homeostasis. This G protein-coupled receptor exists at the plasma membrane as a homodimer, although it is unclear at which point in the biosynthetic pathway dimerization occurs. To address this issue, we have analyzed wild-type and(More)
1. 1alpha,25-Dihydroxy-25-hemisuccinate cholecalciferol has been synthesized and conjugated to bovine serum albumin. 2. This conjugate is immunogenic; when injected into rabbits antibodies of high affinity for 1alpha,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol were obtained. 3. Vitamin D metabolites lacking the 1alpha-hydroxy group were of lower cross-reactivity with the(More)
The CASR, a cell surface glycoprotein expressed in parathyroid gland and kidney, is critical for maintaining extracellular calcium homeostasis. The inherited disorders, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) and neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism (NSHPT), are caused by inactivating mutations in the CASR gene. The CASR has an N-terminal, 19 amino acid(More)
Familial isolated hyperparathyroidism (FIHP) can result occasionally from the incomplete expression of a syndromic form of familial hyperparathyroidism (HPT), specifically multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia, or the hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome (HPT-JT). The cause of FIHP has not been identified in the(More)