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Recent studies show that the human parathyroid calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) is expressed in human colon epithelium and functions to regulate epithelial proliferation and differentiation. In this study, we show that the cells of the colon crypt acquire CaSR expression as they differentiate and migrate towards the apex of the crypt. CaSR expression was(More)
Recent studies show that the human parathyroid calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) is expressed in human colon epithe-lium and functions to regulate epithelial proliferation and differentiation. In this study, we show that the cells of the colon crypt acquire CaSR expression as they differentiate and migrate towards the apex of the crypt. CaSR expression was(More)
Antidiuretic hormone (arginine vasopressin) binds to and activates V2 receptors in renal collecting tubule cells. Subsequent stimulation of the Gs/adenylyl cyclase system promotes insertion of water pores into the luminal membrane and thereby reabsorption of fluid. In congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (CNDI), an X-linked recessive disorder, the(More)
Targeted deletion of genes encoding the 1,25-dihydroxyVitamin D [1,25(OH)(2)D]-synthesizing enzyme, 25 hydroxyVitamin D-1alpha-hydroxylase [1alpha(OH)ase or CYP27B1], and of the nuclear receptor for 1,25(OH)(2)D, the Vitamin D receptor (VDR), have provided useful mouse models of the inherited human diseases, Vitamin D-dependent rickets types I and II. We(More)
BACKGROUND The regulation of extracellular calcium concentration by parathyroid hormone is mediated by a calcium-sensing, G-protein-coupled cell-surface receptor (CASR). Mutations of the CASR gene alter the set-point for extracellular ionised calcium [Ca2+]o and cause familial hypercalcaemia or hypocalcaemia. The CASR missense polymorphism, A986S, is common(More)
Calcium-sensing receptor (CASR), expressed in parathyroid gland and kidney, is a critical regulator of extracellular calcium homeostasis. This G protein-coupled receptor exists at the plasma membrane as a homodimer, although it is unclear at which point in the biosynthetic pathway dimerization occurs. To address this issue, we have analyzed wild-type and(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), which is responsible for producing hypercalcemia in patients with humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy, has recently been identified in several normal tissues. Because PTHrP, like parathyroid hormone (PTH), is known to exhibit vasodilatory properties, we investigated the expression and regulation of PTHrP mRNA in(More)
The CASR, a cell surface glycoprotein expressed in parathyroid gland and kidney, is critical for maintaining extracellular calcium homeostasis. The inherited disorders, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) and neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism (NSHPT), are caused by inactivating mutations in the CASR gene. The CASR has an N-terminal, 19 amino acid(More)
X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is a rare disease with defective renal and extrarenal arginine vasopressin V2 receptor responses due to mutations in the AVPR2 gene in Xq28. To study the cause of loss of function of mutant V2 receptors, we expressed 12 mutations (N55H, L59P, L83Q, V88M, 497CC-->GG, deltaR202, I209F, 700delC, 908insT, A294P,(More)
Previous studies have identified eight variant human GH receptor (hGHR) messenger RNA (mRNAs; V1-V8), that differ in their 5'-untranslated regions (5'UTRs) but splice into the same site just upstream of the translation start site in exon 2; thus, they encode the same protein. Here we report a novel variant, V9, and describe the mapping of all nine 5'UTR(More)