Geoffrey McMullan

Learn More
The control of water pollution has become of increasing importance in recent years. The release of dyes into the environment constitutes only a small proportion of water pollution, but dyes are visible in small quantities due to their brilliance. Tightening government legislation is forcing textile industries to treat their waste effluent to an increasingly(More)
A novel, inducible, carbon-phosphorus bond-cleavage enzyme, phosphonoacetate hydrolase, was purified from cells of Pseudomonas fluorescens 23F grown on phosphonoacetate. The native enzyme had a molecular mass of approximately 80 kDa and, upon SDS/PAGE, yielded a homogenous protein band with an apparent molecular mass of about 38 kDa. Activity of purified(More)
An azo-dye-reducing, endospore-forming bacterium isolated from textile industry wastewater has been taxonomically studied. Particularly interesting was the ability of this organism to decolorize the azo dye Remazol Black B by 98% within 24 h. Levels of 16S rRNA similarity between the isolate and Paenibacillus species ranged from 92.1 to 95.0%. The DNA G+C(More)
A novel, metal-dependent, carbon-phosphorus bond cleavage activity, provisionally named phosphonoacetate hydrolase, was detected in crude extracts of Pseudomonas fluorescens 23F, an environmental isolate able to utilize phosphonoacetate as the sole carbon and phosphorus source. The activity showed unique specificity toward this substrate; its organic(More)
Phlebia tremellosa decolourised eight synthetic textile dyes (200 mg l(-1)) by greater than 96% within 14 days under stationary incubation conditions. High performance liquid chromatography analysis of culture supernatants indicated that Remazol Black B was degraded by the fungus, however, complete mineralisation did not occur as a colourless organic(More)
A strain of the yeast Kluyveromyces fragilis was screened for its ability to utilize a range of synthetic and natural organophosphonate compounds as the sole source of phosphorus, nitrogen or carbon. Only 4-aminobutylphosphonate was utilized as sole nitrogen source with protein yields increasing proportionally with substrate concentrations up to 10 mM. No(More)
Batch cultures of the thermophilic bacterium Geobacillus thermoleovorans T80 attained extremely high-specific glucose utilization rates leading to high specific growth rates, followed by extensive cell death and lysis with the onset of substrate exhaustion. The dramatic decrease in live cell numbers, as determined by flow cytometry, was accompanied by the(More)
Strain ASV2, an unidentified Gram-negative bacterium newly isolated from activated sludge, was found to utilize arsonoacetate at concentrations up to at least 30 mM as sole carbon and energy source, with essentially quantitative extracellular release of arsenate. Cell-free conversion of arsonoacetate could not be obtained, but resting-cell studies indicated(More)
Molasses is one of the most important raw materials used in the commercial production of ethanol due to its low cost and availability. In a typical ethanol distillery in India, 10/15 litres of molasses spent wash (MSW) are produced for every litre of alcohol with approximately 20,000 litres of spent wash produced per day in each distillery (AIDA, 1994).(More)
The ability of Kluyveromyces marxianus IMB3 to decolorize Remazol Black-B dye was investigated. The effect of environmental conditions, such as pH and temperature were examined. No noticeable effects on decolorization were observed when pH varied from 3.0-5.5. Maximum colour removal, 98%, was achieved at 37 degrees C. Little or no colour removal was(More)