Geoffrey MR Bowler

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The acute central nervous and cardiovascular effects of the local anesthetics ropivacaine and bupivacaine were compared in 12 volunteers in a randomized double-blind manner with use of intravenous infusions at a rate of 10 mg/min up to a maximal dose of 150 mg. The volunteers were all healthy men. They were familiarized with the central nervous system (CNS)(More)
In four groups of 10 patients, 0.5% bupivacaine 5 ml was used in spinal anaesthesia for gynaecological surgery. Group 1 received plain solution in the sitting position, group 2 plain solution in the lateral position, group 3 hyperbaric solution in the sitting position and group 4 hyperbaric solution in the lateral position. All patients were returned to the(More)
BACKGROUND Meta-analysis and systematic reviews of epidural compared with paravertebral blockade analgesia techniques for thoracotomy conclude that although the analgesia is comparable, paravertebral blockade has a better short-term side-effect profile. However, reduction in major complications including mortality has not been proven. METHODS The UK(More)
BACKGROUND In order to assess the short term risks of pneumonectomy for lung cancer in contemporary practice a one year prospective observational study of pneumonectomy outcome was made. Current UK practice for pneumonectomy was observed to note patient and treatment factors associated with major complications. METHODS A multicentre, prospective,(More)
Thirty subjects undergoing posterolateral thoracotomy were allocated randomly to receive one of two analgesic regimens: group Pre received i.v. morphine, i.m. diclofenac and intercostal nerve blocks from T2 to T11, 20 min before operation and placebo injections after operation. Group Post received placebo injections before operation, and i.v. morphine, i.m.(More)
The hypothesis that ECT produces selective effects on hypothalamic-pituitary activity was investigated by determining the effect of ECT on pituitary hormone release in nine depressed patients. After ECT there were massive and rapid increases in the plasma concentrations of nicotine- and oestrogen-stimulated neurophysin (NSN and ESN), prolactin (PRL) and(More)
In a randomized, double-blind study the influences of the characteristics of both solution (dose, volume, concentration) and patient (age, weight, height, body mass index) on the development of extradural blockade produced by a low lumbar injection of bupivacaine were investigated. Thirty patients aged between 20 and 50 yr received one of three solutions(More)
Continuous paravertebral block is commonly used for post-thoracotomy analgesia and compares favourably with other systemic and regional methods with regard to safety and efficacy. No major complications of continuous paravertebral block for post-thoracotomy analgesia have been reported previously. We report here a case of systemic local anaesthetic toxicity(More)
A double-blind randomised study was performed to investigate the effect of pH adjustment of bupivacaine, with adrenaline 1:200,000, on the duration of block and pain relief after intercostal nerve blockade following thoracotomy. One group (n = 10) received bupivacaine with adrenaline 1:200,000 (pH = 4.1) and the other (n = 10) received alkalinised(More)
Plasma concentrations of oestrogen-stimulated neurophysin (ESN), prolactin, and growth hormone were measured before and after the first treatment in a course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) given to 25 psychiatric patients and during induction of anaesthesia in 9 women undergoing elective cholecystectomy. Prolactin levels rose and growth hormone levels(More)