Geoffrey L. Toms

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In the absence of satisfactory cell culture systems for hepatitis C virus (HCV), virtually all that is known about the proteins of the virus has been learned by the study of recombinant proteins. Characterization of virus proteins from patients with HCV has been retarded by the low virus titre in blood and limited availability of infected tissue. Here, the(More)
Human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) and human metapneumovirus (HMPV) are ubiquitous respiratory pathogens of the Pneumovirinae subfamily of the Paramyxoviridae. Two major surface antigens are expressed by both viruses; the highly conserved fusion (F) protein, and the extremely diverse attachment (G) glycoprotein. Both viruses comprise two genetic(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) particles found in vivo are heterogeneous in density and size, but their detailed characterization has been restricted by the low titre of HCV in human serum. Previously, our group has found that HCV circulates in blood in association with very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). Our aim in this study was to characterize HCV(More)
We have prepared monoclonal antibodies to the capsid protein of feline calicivirus (FCV). These antibodies are directed against two close but distinct epitopes, only one of which is involved in virus neutralization. We have used these antibodies and immune cat serum in immunoprecipitation and Western blotting experiments and have identified novel proteins(More)
Glycoproteins synthesized in both human (HeLa and HEp-2) and simian (Vero and BS-C-1) cell lines following infection with two different strains of respiratory syncytial virus (A2 and Long) were analysed by SDS-PAGE following immunoprecipitation with monoclonal antibodies. Minor virus strain-dependent differences in the large glycoprotein, G, and the fusion(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis C virus (HCV) interacts with apolipoproteins B (apoB) and E (apoE) to form infectious lipoviral particles (LVP). Response to peginterferon is influenced by interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) and IL28B genotype. LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) also predicts interferon response, therefore we hypothesised that LVP may also be associated(More)
After intranasal instillation into ferrets, the "swine" influenza virus A/New Jersey/8/76(Hsw1 N1) had a 50% minimal infectious dose similar to that of previously tested A/PR/8-A/England (H3 N2) recombinants virulent and attenuated for man. A/New Jersey produced only a mild upper respiratory tract infection. However, higher titres of virus were recovered(More)
Due to difficulties of culturing Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) much of the current understanding of HMPV replication can be inferred from other closely related viruses. The slow rates of virus replication prevent many biochemical analyses of HMPV particles. In this study imaging was used to examine the process of HMPV morphogenesis in individually infected(More)
The fusion (F) glycoprotein, large glyco- (G) protein, phospho- (P) protein and 22K protein of respiratory syncytial (RS) virus A2 strain were purified by a combination of immunoaffinity adsorption and preparative SDS-PAGE. All four proteins elicited serum antibody in mice after repeated inoculation in adjuvant, although the magnitude of the response as(More)