Geoffrey L. Toms

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA circulates in the blood of persistently infected patients in lipoviroparticles (LVPs), which are heterogeneous in density and associated with host lipoproteins and antibodies. The variability and lability of these virus-host complexes on fractionation has hindered our understanding of the structure of LVP and determination of the(More)
BACKGROUND Host genetic factors may significantly influence the ability to clear hepatitis C virus (HCV) following infection. HCV is associated with very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and low density lipoproteins (LDL) in the host's circulation. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) is found in VLDL and binds to potential receptors involved in HCV entry into cells, the(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-opts very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) pathways for replication, secretion and entry into hepatocytes and associates with apolipoprotein B (apoB) in plasma. Each VLDL contains apoB-100 and variable amounts of apolipoproteins E and C, cholesterol and triglycerides. AIM To determine whether baseline lipid levels(More)
Atherosclerosis has been described as a liver disease of the heart [1]. The liver is the central regulatory organ of lipid pathways but since dyslipidaemias are major contributors to cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes rather than liver disease, research in this area has not been a major focus for hepatologists. Virus-host interaction is a continuous(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) particles found in vivo are heterogeneous in density and size, but their detailed characterization has been restricted by the low titre of HCV in human serum. Previously, our group has found that HCV circulates in blood in association with very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). Our aim in this study was to characterize HCV(More)
Immunofluorescent staining of unfixed respiratory syncytial virus-infected HeLa cells with monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) demonstrated that the 22K protein is expressed on the cell membrane along with the fusion (F) protein and large glycoprotein (G). All three proteins were detected in the cytoplasm at 17 h post-infection and in the case of the F and G(More)
cDNA containing the entire coding sequence of the respiratory syncytial (RS) virus fusion (F) protein gene (574 amino acids) and two large PstI restriction fragments, encoding amino acids 18 to 212 and 214 to 574, were expressed in Escherichia coli as C-terminal chimeras with beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) in the pEX expression vector system. A further cDNA(More)
The neutralizing activity and fusion-inhibition activity per unit weight of immunoglobulin were determined for each of a panel of 20 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to the fusion (F) protein of respiratory syncytial (RS) virus. Neutralization did not correlate with fusion-inhibiting activity, suggesting that the F protein plays at least two independent,(More)
BACKGROUND The density of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in plasma is heterogeneous but the factors which influence this are poorly understood. Evidence from animal models and cell culture suggest that low-density apolipoprotein B (apoB)-associated HCV lipoviral particles (LVP) are more infectious than high-density HCV. Objective To measure LVP in patients with(More)
In the absence of satisfactory cell culture systems for hepatitis C virus (HCV), virtually all that is known about the proteins of the virus has been learned by the study of recombinant proteins. Characterization of virus proteins from patients with HCV has been retarded by the low virus titre in blood and limited availability of infected tissue. Here, the(More)