Geoffrey L. R. Gordon

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Three different ruminal fungi, a Neocallimastix sp. (strain LM-1), a Piromonas sp. (strain SM-1), and a Sphaeromonas sp. (strain NM-1), were grown anaerobically in liquid media which contained a suspension of either 1% (wt/vol) purified cellulose or finely milled wheat straw as the source of fermentable carbon. Fungal biomass was estimated by using cell(More)
Anaerobic chytridiomycete fungi are found in the gastrointestinal tracts of sheep, cattle and goats, as well as in many other domesticated ruminant and nonruminant herbivores and a wide variety of wild herbivorous mammals. They are principally found associated with the fibrous plant particles of digesta and as free swimming zoospores in the fluid phase. The(More)
Nine strains of anaerobic fungi, assigned to the genera Neocallimastix and Piromonas, have been isolated from samples of ruminal digesta obtained from sheep and cattle in temperate Australia. Two strains of Sphaeromonas were also isolated from sheep. The patterns of utilization of mono-, oligo- and polysaccharides were determined for these fungi, four(More)
Sheep fed the forage Digitaria pentzii fertilized with sulfur were compared with those fed unfertilized forage for the rumen microbial population involved with fiber degradation. No differences were detected in the bacterial population as determined by anaerobic cultures on a habitat-simulating medium, xylan, or pectin, by 35S labeling techniques for(More)
By using the continuous culture technique, the transition from aerobiosis to anaerobiosis and its effect on a number of enzymes has been investigated in Escherichia coli K-12. A decrease in the oxygen partial pressure below 28.0 mm of Hg resulted firstly in an increase of the respiratory enzymes (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide [NADH] oxidase,(More)
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent d(minus)-and l(plus)-lactate dehydrogenases have been partially purified 89- and 70-fold simultaneously from cell-free extracts of Pediococcus cerevisiae. Native molecular weights, as estimated from molecular sieve chromatography and electrophoresis in nondenaturing polyacrylamide gels, are 71,000 to 73,000(More)
Three morphologically different anaerobic fungi, a Neocallimastix sp. strain (LM-1), a Piromonas sp. strain (SM-1), and a Sphaeromonas sp. strain (NM-1), were isolated from the rumens of sheep. Growth studies were conducted with each isolate in batch cultures by using an anaerobic semidefined medium that lacked ruminal fluid and contained 0.5% cellobiose.(More)
The fructose-1,6-bisphosphate-activated L-lactate dehydrogenase (EC from Lactobacillus casei ATCC 393 has been purified to homogenity by including affinity chromatography (cibacronblue-Sephadex-G-200) and preparative polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis into the purification procedures. The enzyme has an Mr of 132000-135000 with a subunit Mr of(More)