Geoffrey L. Liu

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A characteristic of endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced contraction is the prolonged duration of the response. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) hydrolysis has been implicated in sustained agonist-induced effects through the formation of the second messengers phosphatidic acid (PA) and diacylglycerol (DAG). Therefore, we have investigated the activation of PC-phospholipase(More)
We describe mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), a new immunosuppressive agent, to be a therapy of two children with lupus nephritis which were refractory to both cyclophosphamide (CyP) and cyclosporine (CsA). After 11- to 12-month course of MMF treatment, all clinical symptoms of lupus disappeared and serum antibodies became negative. MMF might be a promising(More)
1. The hamster liver but not that of the rat, secretes VLDL containing only apoprotein B100. Apoprotein B48 was identified in mesenteric lymph of hamsters and therefore plasma apoprotein B48 is of intestinal origin. 2. Male hamster livers secrete less free cholesterol but similar cholesterol ester than male rats resulting in a higher CE/FC ratio in(More)
The processes that link activation of an external receptor to the internal mechanisms that elicit a physiological response have been the subject of extensive investigation. It has been established that rather than just being an inert barrier to protect the cell from environmental damage, there are populations of phospholipids located within the plasma(More)
Although cardiac output (CO) by pulmonary artery catheterization (PAC) has been an important guideline in clinical management for more than four decades, some studies have questioned the clinical efficacy of CO in certain patient populations. Further, the use of CO by PAC has been linked to numerous complications including dysrhythmia, infection, rupture of(More)
Epinephrine is often used for the treatment of patients with heart failure, low cardiac output and cardiac arrest. It can acutely improve hemodynamic parameters; however, it does not seem to improve longer term clinical outcomes. Therefore, we hypothesized that epinephrine may induce unfavorable changes in gene expression of cardiomyocyte. Thus, we(More)
Epinephrine, a non-specific adrenergic agonist, is one of the most commonly used inotropes perioperatively. Recent studies have shown that inflammatory response in cardiac surgery could result in hypoperfusion, dysrhythmias, myocardial ischemia, and other pathophysiological alterations in the postoperative period. These alterations might be contributing to(More)
The intrathecal space has become an important anatomic site for medical intervention not only in anesthesia practice, but also in many other medical specialties. Undesired/inadvertent intrathecal injections (UII) are generally rare. There is tremendous variation in reported inadvertent administrations via an intrathecal route in the literature, mainly as(More)
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