Geoffrey John Laurent

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There is currently much interest in the role of mediators that regulate cell proliferation. Methods to assay proliferative effects of such mediators usually involve cell counting techniques, which are tedious to perform, or methods based on uptake of radiolabelled thymidine, which may be prone to errors caused by precursor pool artefacts. We describe here(More)
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS We have previously demonstrated that mechanical loading of cardiac fibroblasts leads to increased synthesis and gene expression of the extracellular matrix protein collagen. We hypothesised that the upregulation of procollagen gene expression in cardiac fibroblasts, in response to cyclic mechanical load, is mediated by one or more(More)
The fibroproliferative phase of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has traditionally been regarded as a late event but recent studies that suggest increased lung collagen turnover within 24 h of diagnosis challenge this view. We hypothesized that fibroproliferation is initiated early in ARDS, characterized by the presence of fibroblast growth factor(More)
The expression of renin-angiotensin system components and the elevation of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in a number of fibrotic lung diseases suggests angiotensin II (AII) could play a role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. However, the effect of AII on lung fibroblasts has not previously been assessed and the mechanisms by which AII induces(More)
BACKGROUND Gene therapy mediated by synthetic vectors may provide opportunities for new treatments for cystic fibrosis (CF) via aerosolisation. Vectors for CF must transfect the airway epithelium efficiently and not cause inflammation so they are suitable for repeated dosing. The inhaled aerosol should be deposited in the airways since the cystic fibrosis(More)
Lung fibrosis is a recognized feature of many chronic lung diseases and is central to the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, a disease that carries a prognosis worse than many cancers. Current research into this condition is defining the key pathways of activation either in resident fibroblasts, matrix-producing cells derived from circulating(More)
Previous studies of the age-related changes in interstitial collagens, have suggested that the proportion of type III collagen compared with type I decreases with age. In this study collagen concentration and the proportion of types were measured in heart, lung and skin of male Lewis rats aged between 1 day and 2 years. Collagen concentration, based on(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal disease that is unresponsive to current therapies and characterized by excessive collagen deposition and subsequent fibrosis. While inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-6, are elevated in IPF, the molecular mechanisms that underlie this disease are incompletely understood, although the development(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) play a major role in extracellular matrix turnover in the lung. However, in chronic lung disorders such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and pigeon breeders' disease (PBD), TIMPs may promote an adverse non-degradative environment. We hypothesised that polymorphisms in TIMP-3 could affect(More)