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Pulmonary fibrosis can complicate diverse pulmonary and systemic pathologies. In many cases the underlying cause remains unidentified. Mortality from the disease is increasing steadily in the UK and USA. The clinical features are well-described, but patients frequently present at an advanced stage, and current treatments have not improved the poor(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating condition that carries a prognosis worse than that of many cancers. A recent classification of the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias has redefined the diagnostic criteria necessary to determine a diagnosis of IPF. The present authors believe that this redefinition is incorrect, relying as it does on(More)
There is currently much interest in the role of mediators that regulate cell proliferation. Methods to assay proliferative effects of such mediators usually involve cell counting techniques, which are tedious to perform, or methods based on uptake of radiolabelled thymidine, which may be prone to errors caused by precursor pool artefacts. We describe here(More)
The expression of renin-angiotensin system components and the elevation of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in a number of fibrotic lung diseases suggests angiotensin II (AII) could play a role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. However, the effect of AII on lung fibroblasts has not previously been assessed and the mechanisms by which AII induces(More)
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS We have previously demonstrated that mechanical loading of cardiac fibroblasts leads to increased synthesis and gene expression of the extracellular matrix protein collagen. We hypothesised that the upregulation of procollagen gene expression in cardiac fibroblasts, in response to cyclic mechanical load, is mediated by one or more(More)
The fibroproliferative phase of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has traditionally been regarded as a late event but recent studies that suggest increased lung collagen turnover within 24 h of diagnosis challenge this view. We hypothesized that fibroproliferation is initiated early in ARDS, characterized by the presence of fibroblast growth factor(More)
Pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix proteins within the pulmonary interstitium. The new macrolide immunosuppressant SDZ RAD, a rapamycin analogue, inhibits growth-factor dependent proliferation of mesenchymal cells and might therefore be of therapeutic interest for the treatment of fibrotic lung disease. In(More)
The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an acute and severe form of microvascular lung injury which is frequently seen in intensive therapy units. Reductions in mortality have been reported by some centres; however, 40–70% of patients still die from this syndrome. Treatment at present is largely supportive and, despite our increased understanding(More)
Fibrotic disorders of the liver, kidney and lung are associated with excessive deposition of extracellular matrix proteins and ongoing coagulation-cascade activity. In addition to their critical roles in blood coagulation, thrombin and the immediate upstream coagulation proteases, Factors Xa and VIIa, influence numerous cellular responses that may play(More)