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OBJECTIVE Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is a key regulatory enzyme in the synthesis of prostanoids associated with trauma and inflammation. We investigated the COX-2 gene for functional variants that may influence susceptibility to disease. METHODS AND RESULTS The promoter of COX-2 was screened for variants in healthy subjects by use of polymerase chain(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an often fatal condition for which a genetic predisposition is postulated, although no specific genes have been identified to date. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) has a potential role in the pathogenesis of ARDS via effects on pulmonary vascular tone/permeability, epithelial cell survival, and fibroblast(More)
Mast cells play a potentially important role in fibroproliferative diseases, releasing mediators including tryptase that are capable of stimulating fibroblast proliferation and procollagen synthesis. The mechanism by which tryptase stimulates fibroblast proliferation is unclear, although recent studies suggest it can activate protease-activated receptor(More)
Peritoneal adhesions are a major complication of healing following surgery or infection and can lead to conditions such as intestinal obstruction, infertility, and chronic pain. Mature adhesions are the result of aberrant peritoneal healing and historically have been thought to consist of non-functional scar tissue. The aim of the present study was to(More)
Substantial challenges remain in our understanding of fibrotic lung diseases. Nowhere is this more true than in the elucidation and verification of the pathogenetic basis upon which they develop. Scientific progress, most recently in the field of experimental therapy, has relied closely on interpreting data derived from animal modeling. Such models are used(More)
There is now evidence that collagen turnover in normal tissues can occur at rapid rates. In skin of adult rats, the mean rate lies between 3 and 5%/day, but rates of greater than 10%/day have been reported in some tissues, such as lung and periodontal ligament. The major sites of this degradation are still uncertain. Intracellular degradation, which occurs(More)
The coagulation protease thrombin plays a critical role in hemostasis and exerts pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic effects via proteolytic activation of the major thrombin receptor, protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1). Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a novel fibroblast mitogen and also promotes extracellular matrix protein production. It is(More)
To set the scene for this Directed Issue on Mechanisms of Tissue Repair of The International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, this introductory overview briefly describes the process of wound healing and highlights some of the key recent advances in this field of research. It emphasizes the importance of cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions,(More)
There is currently much interest in the role of mediators that regulate cell proliferation. Methods to assay proliferative effects of such mediators usually involve cell counting techniques, which are tedious to perform, or methods based on uptake of radiolabelled thymidine, which may be prone to errors caused by precursor pool artefacts. We describe here(More)
Intra-abdominal adhesion formation is a major complication of serosal repair following surgery, ischaemia or infection, leading to conditions such as intestinal obstruction and infertility. It has been proposed that the persistence of fibrin, due to impaired plasminogen activator activity, results in the formation of adhesions between damaged serosal(More)