Geoffrey J. Howlett

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Strategies for the deconvolution of diffusion in the determination of size-distributions from sedimentation velocity experiments were examined and developed. On the basis of four different model systems, we studied the differential apparent sedimentation coefficient distributions by the time-derivative method, g(s*), and by least-squares direct boundary(More)
Murine and human epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) bind human EGF (hEGF), mouse EGF (mEGF), and human transforming growth factor alpha (hTGF-alpha) with high affinity despite the significant differences in the amino acid sequences of the ligands and the receptors. In contrast, the chicken EGFR can discriminate between mEGF (and hEGF) and hTGF-alpha(More)
Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) from the female reproductive tissues (stigmas and styles) of Nicotiana alata were isolated from the saturated ammonium sulfate supernatant of buffer-soluble extracts by precipitation with the beta-glucosyl Yariv reagent, followed by gel-filtration chromatography under dissociating conditions. The AGPs had characteristics(More)
Proteins containing the classical nuclear localization sequences (NLSs) are imported into the nucleus by the importin-alpha/beta heterodimer. Importin-alpha contains the NLS binding site, whereas importin-beta mediates the translocation through the nuclear pore. We characterized the interactions involving importin-alpha during nuclear import using a(More)
The self-association of proteins to form amyloid fibrils has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob diseases. We recently reported that the myeloid scavenger receptor CD36 initiates a signaling cascade upon binding to fibrillar beta-amyloid that stimulates recruitment of(More)
The gene encoding the Escherichia coli Class I fructose-1, 6-bisphosphate aldolase (FBP aldolase) has been cloned and the protein overproduced in high amounts. This gene sequence has previously been identified as encoding an E. coli dehydrin in the GenBanktrade mark database [gene dhnA; entry code U73760; Close and Choi (1996) Submission to GenBanktrade(More)
The effect of acute inflammation on the synthesis of plasma proteins by the liver was studied in rats. The rates of incorporation of ~-[I-’~C]leucine into proteins in the bloodstream changed 24 h after injection of turpentine by the following factors: total serum protein, 1.6; al-acid glycoprotein and major acute phase al-protein, 20; fibrinogen, 4.8;(More)
Metal ions such as Zn(2+) and Cu(2+) have been implicated in both the aggregation and neurotoxicity of the beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide that is present in the brains of Alzheimer's sufferers. Zinc ions in particular have been shown to induce rapid aggregation of Abeta. Rat Abeta binds zinc ions much less avidly than human Abeta, and rats do not form(More)
Under lipid-free conditions, human apolipoprotein C-II (apoC-II) exists in an unfolded conformation that over several days forms amyloid ribbons. We examined the influence of the molecular chaperone, alpha-crystallin, on amyloid formation by apoC-II. Time-dependent changes in apoC-II turbidity (at 0.3 mg/ml) were suppressed potently by substoichiometric(More)
Human apolipoprotein E (apoE) exists as three main isoforms, differing by single amino acid substitutions, with the apoE4 isoform strongly linked to the incidence of late onset Alzheimer's disease. We have expressed and purified apoE3 and apoE4 from Escherichia coli and compared their hydrodynamic properties by gel permeation liquid chromatography,(More)