Geoffrey H. Sunshine

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Murine cortisone-resistant thymocytes were separated by staining with monoclonal anti-Lyt-2 antibody and FMF into Lyt-2- and Lyt-2+ subsets in order to analyze the nature of stimulator accessory cells required to activate each of these functionally distinct T cell subpopulations. The Lyt-2- fraction was able to proliferate but not to generate cytotoxic(More)
Mouse spleen cells were fractionated and tested for their ability to stimulate a primary mixed leukocyte response (MLR). Several nonlymphoid populations were stimulatory, purified dendritic cells and 18-h adherent macrophages being the most effective. B and T lymphocytes and peritoneal washout cells were almost ineffective by comparison. This hierarchy of(More)
Modern cellular immunology has been working towards a unifying role for the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) in both cellular defenses against infection and transplantation immunity. Thus, it has become clear that MHC products function primarily as guides ("restriction elements") for T-cell subsets, H-2K or D molecules being recognized by Tc cells(More)
We have isolated Fc receptor bearing cells from murine epidermis and examined these cells using both structural and functional methods. From 60 to 70% of these cells are Ia positive, phagocytic and express Mac 1 and F4.80 markers. They do not have Birkbeck granules in their cytoplasm. In functional studies these cells are not active as inducer cells in(More)
C5-deficient mice grafted with thymus from C5-sufficient donors and immunized with C5 failed to make humoral antibody to C5, suggesting that the transfer of thymus had induced tolerance. Irradiated C5-deficient hosts repopulated with lymphoid cells from thymectomized C5-deficient mice grafted with C5-sufficient thymus also failed to respond to immunization(More)
In the presence of the soluble polypeptide antigens ovalbumin and keyhole limpet hemocyanin, purified mouse spleen dendritic cells induce the secretion of IL-2 by antigen-specific T cell hybridomas. This response is H-2 restricted and can be specifically inhibited by monoclonal anti-I-A. These data indicate that dendritic cells can present soluble antigen(More)
The immune response to F protein in mice provides a system in which the capacity of antigen-presenting cells to present autologous protein to T cells can be examined. When we used the F-type 1 (F.1) and F-type 2 (F.2) combination, these cells proved equally able to present autologous and foreign protein in both an in vivo adoptive transfer and an in vitro(More)
T cell tolerance can be induced in adult mice by injection of soluble antigenic peptide. The underlying mechanism has been difficult to establish in normal mice due to the low precursor frequency of T cells specific for any given antigen. Therefore, we examined peripheral tolerance in mice transgenic for a T cell receptor specific for a cytochrome c peptide(More)
We have investigated the ability of murine T cell lines to induce neonatal tolerance to Mlsa (minor lymphocyte stimulating). Mlsb mice were injected within 24 hr of birth with MHC (major histocompatibility complex) identical T cell lines generated by culturing responders from Mlsa strains with stimulators from Mlsb strains. Injected mice were tested at 6 to(More)
Previous studies have shown that monoclonal antibody AF3.44.4 has specificity for a constant region determinant on mouse antigen-specific helper factors and that it also binds to cultured T cells with functional helper cell characteristics. The antibody synergizes with antigen to enhance in vitro antibody responses; here we demonstrate that it will also(More)