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We developed a novel computer-aided detection (CAD) algorithm called the surface normal overlap method that we applied to colonic polyp detection and lung nodule detection in helical computed tomography (CT) images. We demonstrate some of the theoretical aspects of this algorithm using a statistical shape model. The algorithm was then optimized on simulated(More)
This scientific statement reviews the scientific data for cardiac computed tomography (CT) related to imaging of coronary artery disease (CAD) and atherosclerosis. Cardiac CT is a CT imaging technique that accounts for cardiac motion, typically through the use of ECG gating. The utility The American Heart Association makes every effort to avoid any actual(More)
Multidetector CT (MDCT) has improved imaging of the arteries in the lower extremities. The main advantages of this novel technology are the exceptionally fast scan times, high spatial resolution, increased anatomic coverage, and capability to generate high-quality multiplanar reformations and three-dimensional (3-D) renderings from raw data that can be(More)
Eight male heart transplant recipients underwent contrast material-enhanced electron-beam computed tomographic angiography. Coronary artery diameters measured with fixed thresholds and adaptive line density profile (LDP) methods were calculated relative to findings at quantitative coronary angiography. Variation with fixed-threshold methods was(More)
PURPOSE To compare the performance of radiologists and of a computer-aided detection (CAD) algorithm for pulmonary nodule detection on thin-section thoracic computed tomographic (CT) scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the institutional review board. The requirement of informed consent was waived. Twenty outpatients (age range, 15-91(More)
PURPOSE To determine the clinical importance of the bird-beak configuration after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived the requirement to obtain informed consent from patients. Sixty-four patients (40 men, 24 women; mean age, 64 years) who underwent(More)
PURPOSE To determine the relationship between iliac arterial tortuosity and cross-sectional area and the occurrence of iliac arterial injuries following transfemoral delivery of endovascular prostheses for repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS Iliac arterial curvature values and orthogonal cross-sectional areas were determined from(More)
Spiral computed tomography (CT) has revolutionized conventional CT as a truly three-dimensional imaging modality. A number of studies aimed at evaluating the longitudinal resolution in spiral CT have been presented, but the spatially varying nature of the longitudinal resolution in spiral CT has been largely left undiscussed. In this paper, we investigate(More)