Geoffrey Clifton

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Nicardipine hydrochloride was administered intravenously to two groups of hypertensive patients: one group of 37 patients with mild to moderate hypertension and one group of 20 patients with severe hypertension. In the first group, doses of 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 mg/hr, as well as placebo, were infused for 48 hours in a double-blind fashion. Blood pressure and(More)
PURPOSE Severe hypertension responds to treatment with nifedipine given orally or sublingually. Nicardipine hydrochloride, a water soluble dihydropyridine analogue similar to nifedipine, has less of a negative ionotropic effect and produces less reflex tachycardia than nifedipine. Our purpose was to assess the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of(More)
Experiments were performed on conscious rats to (a) compare the responsiveness of the renal and hindquarter vascular beds to infusions of exogenous arginine vasopressin (AVP), and (b) determine whether either bed demonstrates V2-vasopressinergic vasodilation when the vasoconstrictor properties of AVP are blocked. Rats were chronically instrumented with(More)
Central effects associated with DDP-induced early polyuria are described. Male Sprague-Dawley rats injected intraperitoneally with DDP (5 mg/kg) have a threefold increase in urine volume in the first 24 hr after treatment. This is accompanied by a corresponding decrease in Uosm but no decrease in renal function as indicated by serum creatinine or GFR.(More)
Nicardipine is an investigational dihydropyridine calcium-channel blocker. In the present study, 21 patients with severe hypertension were treated with oral nicardipine, alone or in combination with beta-blockers and diuretics for 4-5 weeks, following initial control of their blood pressure with intravenous nicardipine. Each of the 21 patients had a(More)
Renal and hepatic GSH (reduced glutathione) S-transferase were compared with respect to substrate and inhibitory kinetics and hormonal influences in vivo. An example of each of five classes of substrates (aryl, aralkyl, epoxide, alkyl and alkene) was used. In the gel filtration of renal or hepatic cytosol, an identical elution volume was found for all the(More)
Renal function was measured in a total of 35 volunteers and patients who were given dilevalol, the R,R optical isomer of labetalol. Young normotensive volunteers (n = 6) and elderly normotensive volunteers (n = 12) received single 400- and 200-mg doses of dilevalol, respectively. Renal function was determined in these subjects on the same day before and(More)
Treatment of male rats with 3,4-benzopyrene, 3-methylcholanthrene and phenobarbital resulted in the induction of glutathione S-aryl- and S-aralkyl-transferase activities in kidney cytosol. Benzopyrene produced 77 and 44% increases in aryl and aralkyl activities respectively. Methylcholanthrene caused 73 and 86% increases in the retrospective activities,(More)
Dilevalol hydrochloride, the R-R optical isomer of labetalol hydrochloride, was administered intravenously to subjects with severe hypertension. Twelve subjects with supine diastolic blood pressure of more than 115 mm Hg (mean, 124 +/- 2 mm Hg) were studied. Initial doses of 25 mg of dilevalol administered as a slowly given bolus reduced blood pressure by(More)
In the gel filtration of 100,000 g rat liver supernatant, four major glutathione S-transferase activities, S-aryl-, S-epoxide-, S-aralykyl, and S-alkyltransferase, were identified as having an elution volume identical to that of fractions exhibiting either glutathione or sulfobromophthalein sodium binding. The organic anions, sulfobromophthalein sodium,(More)