Geoffrey B. Jameson

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The structures of the trigonal crystal form of bovine beta-lactoglobulin variant A at pH 6.2, 7.1, and 8.2 have been determined by X-ray diffraction methods at a resolution of 2.56, 2. 24, and 2.49 A, respectively. The corresponding values for R (Rfree) are 0.192 (0.240), 0.234 (0.279), and 0.232 (0.277). The C and N termini as well as two disulfide bonds(More)
Dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) mediates the key first reaction common to the biosynthesis of (S)-lysine and meso-diaminopimelate. The activity of DHDPS is allosterically regulated by the feedback inhibitor (S)-lysine. The crystal structure of DHDPS from Escherichia coli has previously been published, but to only a resolution of 2.5 A, and the(More)
Dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) is an essential enzyme in (S)-lysine biosynthesis and an important antibiotic target. All X-ray crystal structures solved to date reveal a homotetrameric enzyme. In order to explore the role of this quaternary structure, dimeric variants of Escherichia coli DHDPS were engineered and their properties were compared to(More)
 The three-dimensional structure of the manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) from Escherichia coli has been determined by X-ray crystallography at 2.1 Å resolution. The protein crystallizes with two homodimers in the asymmetric unit, and a model comprising 6528 protein atoms (residues 1–205 of all four monomers), four manganese ions and 415(More)
The gene cluster required for paxilline biosynthesis in Penicillium paxilli contains two cytochrome P450 monooxygenase genes, paxP and paxQ. The primary sequences of both proteins are very similar to those of proposed cytochrome P450 monooxygenases from other filamentous fungi, and contain several conserved motifs, including that for a haem-binding site.(More)
Dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS) catalyzes the first committed step of the lysine biosynthetic pathway. The tetrameric structure of DHDPS is thought to be essential for enzymatic activity, as isolated dimeric mutants of Escherichia coli DHDPS possess less than 2.5% that of the activity of the wild-type tetramer. It has recently been proposed that the(More)
In plants and bacteria, the branch point of (S)-lysine biosynthesis is the condensation of (S)-aspartate-beta-semialdehyde [(S)-ASA] and pyruvate, a reaction catalyzed by dihydrodipicolinate synthase (DHDPS, EC 4.2.1.52). It has been proposed that Arg138, a residue situated at the entrance to the active site of DHDPS, is responsible for binding the carboxyl(More)
The structure of the trigonal crystal form of bovine beta-lactoglobulin variant B at pH 7.1 has been determined by X-ray diffraction methods at a resolution of 2.22 A and refined to values for R and Rfree of 0.239 and 0.286, respectively. By comparison with the structure of the trigonal crystal form of bovine beta-lactoglobulin variant A at pH 7.1, which(More)
Allosteric regulation of enzyme activity plays important metabolic roles. Here we review the allostery of enzymes of amino-acid metabolism conferred by a discrete domain known as the ACT domain. This domain of 60-70 residues has a βαββαβ topology leading to a four-stranded β4β1β3β2 antiparallel sheet with two antiparallel helices on one face. Extensive(More)
Among manganese superoxide dismutases, residues His30 and Tyr174 are highly conserved, forming part of the substrate access funnel in the active site. These two residues are structurally linked by a strong hydrogen bond between His30 NE2 from one subunit and Tyr174 OH from the other subunit of the dimer, forming an important element that bridges the dimer(More)