Geofferey C Farrell

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an antioxidant defense enzyme, has been shown to protect against oxidant-induced tissue injury. We investigated the role of HO-1 in nutritional steatohepatitis in vitro and in vivo. METHODS AML-12 hepatocytes were cultured in methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) medium. Cells were transfected with an(More)
Isolated hepatocytes and the isolated perfused rat liver have been used to study the alterations of cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) produced by 2,5-di(tert-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (tBuBHQ), a potent inhibitor of hepatic microsomal Ca2+ sequestration (Moore, G.A., McConkey, D.J., Kass, G.E.N., O'Brien, P.J. and Orrenius, S. FEBS Lett., 224,(More)
In the isolated perfused rat liver 2,5-di(tert-butyl)hydroquinone (tBuHQ), a selective inhibitor of the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump, induces a prolonged glucose output and stimulates Ca2+ efflux. The present study shows that tBuHQ depleted the hormone-sensitive Ca2+ pool in the perfused liver, abolishing the vasopressin- or phenylephrine-induced Ca2+(More)
OBJECTIVE Fat Aussie mice (foz/foz) are morbidly obese, glucose intolerant and have liver steatosis that develops into steatohepatitis on a high-fat diet. The cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1) antagonist SR141716 has been shown to improve obesity-associated metabolic complications in humans and rodent models. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of(More)
The hypothesis that monohydroxy bile acids exert their cholestatic and hepatotoxic effects via a sustained elevation of cytosolic [Ca2+] was tested in the isolated perfused rat liver. Infusion of the specific inhibitor of microsomal Ca2+ sequestration, 2,5-di(tert-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (tBuBHQ) (25 microM for 10 min) produced efflux of Ca2+ from the(More)
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