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OBJECTIVE To investigate the hypothesis that newly formed wound biofilms (or bioburdens) are more susceptible to antimicrobial treatment. METHOD Four separate and distinct models were performed by four separate biofilm research laboratories to evaluate the resistance of biofilms to antimicrobial treatments over time. These included a drip-flow biofilm(More)
This report discusses the incidence of twinning in nonsyndromic and syndromic craniosynostosis. Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis occurs in approximately 1 in 2,100 live births; the incidence of twinning in patients with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis has been reported to be higher than the rate of 2.5% of live births in the general population. No definitive(More)
The presence of biofilms in chronic non-healing wounds, has been identified through in vitro model and in vivo animal data. However, human chronic wound studies are under-represented and generally report low sample sizes. For this reason we sought to ascertain the prevalence of biofilms in human chronic wounds by undertaking a systematic review and(More)
We assessed blood volume (BV) in 20 edematous patients with nephrotic syndrome and in 32 subjects without renal or other disease liable to induce BV variation. Two methods were chosen, one using 131I-albumin and the other 51Cr red blood cells. Among the 20 patients, 11 presented minimal-change lesions, and 9 had histological glomerular impairment. The BV(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the effects of ginsenoside Rb1 (Rb1) on injury-induced intimal hyperplasia in ApoE knock out (ApoE -/-) mice. We also examined the value of an ultrasound micro-image system in dynamic monitoring of lumen diameter and flow velocity. METHODS After guide wire injury of the distal left common carotid artery (CCA), ApoE-/-(More)
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